Paper prepared for “Employee Representation in Non-Union Firms” special issue sponsored by Industrial Relations.
Does Non-Union Employee Representation Act as a Complement or Substitute to Union Voice? Evidence from Canada and the United States†
Article first published online: 20 DEC 2012
© 2012 Regents of the University of California
Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society
Special Issue: EMPLOYEE REPRESENTATION IN NON-UNION FIRMS
Volume 52, Issue Supplement s1, pages 378–396, January 2013
How to Cite
Campolieti, M., Gomez, R. and Gunderson, M. (2013), Does Non-Union Employee Representation Act as a Complement or Substitute to Union Voice? Evidence from Canada and the United States. Industrial Relations: A Journal of Economy and Society, 52: 378–396. doi: 10.1111/irel.12007
- Issue published online: 20 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 20 DEC 2012
This paper examines two central questions related to non-union employee representation (NER) in Canada and the United States. First, using Taras and Kaufman's (2006) four faces NER approach, we ask whether non-union and union forms of voice act as substitutes or complements for employees at the workplace? Second, we ask whether non-union forms of employee representation serve to deflect any latent desire for traditional union voice. We find that NER is negatively related to the presence of unionization at the workplace; it appears to reduce the desire to be unionized. This substitution effect proves to be stronger in Canada than in the United States.