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Collective and Individual Conflicts in the Workplace: Evidence from France


  • Jeremy Tanguy

    1. IREGE, University of Savoie, Annecy- le-Vieux Cedex, France
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    • The author would like to thank Patrick Musso, Claire Salmon, Mareva Sabatier, Rachel Bocquet as well as two anonymous referees and the editor for their helpful comments and suggestions on earlier drafts of this work. The author is also grateful for comments received at the 2010 Comparative Analysis of Enterprise Data (CAED) Conference, the 2011 Journées de Microéconomie Appliquée, the 2011 French Economic Association (AFSE) Annual Meeting, and the 2011 European Association of Labour Economists (EALE) Conference.


This article investigates whether collective disputes and individual disputes are substitutes in French workplaces. Using a nationally representative dataset, this article focuses on two prominent and distinct individual disputes in France, that is, employee applications to Employment Tribunals and employer disciplinary action, and considers alternately strikes and non-strike disputes at the collective level. Our results suggest that collective disputes, with or without a strike, are substitutes only for Employment Tribunal claims, due to a significant negative relationship between them. In contrast, collective disputes are found to heighten disciplinary action in French workplaces.