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The Impact of Collective Bargaining Legislation on Strike Activity and Wage Settlements


  • Campolieti gratefully acknowledges the financial support of SSHRC. The authors would like to thank Geneviève Laurence, Charles Philippe Rochon, Catharine Emberly, Sylvie Gratton, Philip Malfara, and Victoria Hanga of Human Resources and Skills Development Canada for kindly providing information on legislation and the data used in this analysis.


We examine the effects of collective bargaining legislation, such as (among others) bans on replacement workers and reinstatement rights, on private sector strike activity and wage settlements using Canadian data from 1978 to 2008. Our estimates indicate that this legislation does not have a statistically significant effect on the incidence of strikes. However, we do find that some of the policy variables have a statistically significant effect on strike duration and wage settlements.