Get access

Precarious delegates: irregular forms of employee interest representation in Germany


Correspondence should be addressed to Ingrid Artus, Institute of Sociology, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Kochstr. 4, Erlangen 91054, Germany; email:


The highly unionised dual model of industrial relations no longer represents the reality of employee representation in Germany. This article explores the case of irregular workplace delegates in service sector industries where the unionised dual model of employee representation is weakly entrenched. Identifying different configurations of the difficult employee access to co-determination in precarious services, it argues for a differentiated view of the increasingly fragmented reality of national systems of employee representation.