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Similar, but still different: how US multinational companies in Germany and Switzerland use host-country training and skill practices


Correspondence should be addressed to Marlies Kluike, Department of Human Resource Management and Organization, University of Tübingen, Nauklerstr. 47, 72074 Tübingen, Germany; email:


We examine in how far US subsidiaries in Germany and Switzerland display characteristics of a strategic fit with their host country and mostly find support for our predictions. Subsequently we determine each subsidiary's host-country fit and test for within country differences in using local training and skill practices. We find the extent of continuing vocational education and training and the extent to which training on the job is important to vary with host-country fit in Germany, while in Switzerland, as predicted, we find no such relations.