• 1
    Spackman E, Suarez DL, Senne DA. Avian influenza diagnostic and surveillance methods; in Swayne DE (ed): Avian Influenza. Ames, IO: Blackwell Publishing, 2008.
  • 2
    Brown JD, Luttrell MP, Berghaus RD et al. Prevalence of antibodies to type A influenza virus in wild avian species using two serologic assays. J Wildl Dis 2010; 46:896911.
  • 3
    Brown JD, Luttrell MP, Uhart MM et al. Antibodies to type A influenza virus in wild waterbirds from Argentina. J Wildl Dis 2010; 46:10401045.
  • 4
    De Marco M, Campitelli L, Foni E et al. Influenza surveillance in birds in Italian wetlands (1992-1998): is there a host restricted circulation of influenza viruses in sympatric ducks and coots? Vet Microbiol 2004; 98:197208.
  • 5
    Hammouda A, Pearce-Duvet J, Chokri MA et al. Prevalence of influenza A antibodies in Yellow-legged Gull (Larus michahellis) eggs and adults in Southern Tunisia. Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis 2011; 11:15831590.
  • 6
    Pearce-Duvet JMC, Gauthier-Clerc M, Jourdain E, Boulinier T. Maternal antibody transfer in Yellow-legged Gulls. Emerg Infect Dis 2009; 15:11471149.
  • 7
    Pérez-Ramírez E, Rodríguez V, Sommer D et al. Serologic testing for avian influenza viruses in wild birds: comparison of two commercial competition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Avian Dis 2010; 54:729733.
  • 8
    Toennessen R, Germundsson A, Jonassen CM et al. Virological and serological surveillance for type A influenza in the Black-legged Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla). Virol J 2011; 8:21.
  • 9
    Brown JD, Stallknecht DE, Berghaus RD et al. Evaluation of a commercial blocking enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to detect avian influenza virus antibodies in multiple experimentally infected avian species. Clin Vaccine Immunol 2009; 16:824829.
  • 10
    Lebarbenchon C, Brown JD, Luttrell MP, Stallknecht DE. Comparison of two commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays for detection of influenza A virus antibodies. J Vet Diagn Invest 2012; 24:161165.
  • 11
    Costa TP, Brown JD, Howerth EW, Stallknecht DE. Variation in viral shedding patterns between different wild bird species infected experimentally with low-pathogenicity avian influenza viruses that originated from wild birds. Avian Pathol 2011; 40:119124.
  • 12
    Lebarbenchon C, Yang M, Keeler SP et al. Viral replication, persistence in water and genetic characterization of two influenza A viruses isolated from surface lake water. PLoS ONE 2011; 6:e26566.
  • 13
    Lebarbenchon C, Sreevatsan S, Lefèvre T et al. Reassortant influenza A viruses in wild duck populations: effects on viral shedding and persistence in water. Proc Biol Sci 2012b; 279:39673975.
  • 14
    Brown JD, Poulson R, Carter DL, Lebarbenchon C, Stallknecht DE. Infectivity of avian influenza virus-positive field samples for Mallards: what do our diagnostic results mean? J Wildl Dis; in press.