Bayesian Adaptive Biased-Coin Designs for Clinical Trials with Normal Responses




Summary Adaptive designs are used in phase III clinical trials for skewing the allocation pattern toward the better treatments. We use optimum design theory to derive a skewed Bayesian biased-coin procedure for sequential designs with continuous responses. The skewed designs are used to provide adaptive designs, the performance of which is studied numerically and theoretically. Important properties are loss and the proportion of allocation to the better treatment.