• 1
    Commission on Classification and Terminology of the International League Against Epilepsy. Proposal for revised clinical and electroencephalographic classification of epileptic seizures. Epilepsia 1981;22: 489501.
  • 2
    Talwar D, Baldwin MA, Hutzler R, et al. Epileptic spasms in older children: persistence beyond infancy. Epilepsia 1995;36: 1515.
  • 3
    De Menzes MA, Rho JM. Clinical and electrographic findings of epileptic spasms persisting beyond the second year of life. Epilepsia 2002;43: 62330.
  • 4
    Jeavons PM, Harper JR, Bower BD. Long-term prognosis in infantile spasms: a follow-up report on 112 cases. Dev Med Child Neurol 1970;12: 41321.
  • 5
    Gobbi G, Bruno L, Pini A, et al. Periodic spasms: an unclassified type of epileptic seizure in childhood. Dev Med Child Neurol 1987;29: 76675.
  • 6
    Ohtahara S. Clinico-electrical delineation of epileptic encephalopathies in childhood. Asian Med J 1978;21: 717.
  • 7
    Aicardi J, Goutierres F. Encephalopathic myoclonique neonatale. Rev Electroencephalography Neurophysic 1978;8: 99101.
  • 8
    Cerullo A, Marini C, Carcangiu R, et al. Clinical and video-polygraphic features of epileptic spasms in adults with cortical migration disorder. Epileptic Disord 1999;1: 2733.
  • 9
    Vigevano F, Fuscio L, Yagi K, et al. Tonic seizures. In: EngleJ, PedleyTA, eds. Epilepsy: a comprehensive textbook. Philadelphia : Lippincott-Raven, 1997: 61725.