Is Intraoperative Electrocorticography Reliable in Children with Intractable Neocortical Epilepsy?
Article first published online: 24 AUG 2004
Volume 45, Issue 9, pages 1091–1099, September 2004
How to Cite
Asano, E., Benedek, K., Shah, A., Juhász, C., Shah, J., Chugani, D. C., Muzik, O., Sood, S. and Chugani, H. T. (2004), Is Intraoperative Electrocorticography Reliable in Children with Intractable Neocortical Epilepsy?. Epilepsia, 45: 1091–1099. doi: 10.1111/j.0013-9580.2004.65803.x
- Issue published online: 24 AUG 2004
- Article first published online: 24 AUG 2004
- Accepted May 6, 2004.
- Clinical neurophysiology;
- Pediatric epilepsy surgery;
- Quantitative interictal intracranial electroencephalography;
- Focal cortical dysplasia;
- Tuberous sclerosis complex
Summary: Purpose: To study the relation between the spike frequency during intraoperative electrocorticography (ECoG) under general anesthesia with isoflurane and that during extraoperative ECoG monitoring in children with intractable neocortical epilepsy.
Methods: Twenty-one children (age, 1–16 years; 15 boys and six girls) who underwent intraoperative and extraoperative ECoG monitoring with subdural electrode arrays were studied. The spike frequency and the spatial pattern of spike frequency were compared between intraoperative and extraoperative ECoGs for each patient (by using Wilcoxon signed-ranks and Spearman's rank correlation, respectively).
Results: In 15 of 21 patients, the spike frequency was significantly lower during intraoperative than during extraoperative ECoG (mean z =–6.3; p < 0.001). In four of 21 patients, no significant difference was found in the spike frequency between intraoperative and extraoperative recordings. In two of 21 patients, spike frequency reached one spike/min neither during intraoperative nor extraoperative recording; therefore appropriate comparison of spike frequency was not possible. A significant positive correlation in the spike-frequency pattern was seen between intraoperative and extraoperative recordings in nine of nine cases who had ≥10 spikes/min during intraoperative ECoG (mean rho = 0.62; p < 0.01), in five of six cases with one to nine spikes/min (mean rho = 0.50; p < 0.01), and in none of five cases with less than one spike/min (mean rho = 0.13).
Conclusions: General anesthesia often decreases the spike frequency in children with neocortical epilepsy, yet intraoperative ECoG can reliably reflect the awake interictal spiking pattern when spike frequency exceeds one spike/min during intraoperative ECoG recording.