• 1
    Gibbs FA, Gibbs EL, Lennox WG. Electroencephalographic response to overventilation and its relation to age. J Pediatr 1943;23: 497505.
  • 2
    Takahashi T. Activation methods. In: NiedermeyerE, Lopes da SilvaF, eds. Electroencephalography: basic principles, clinical applications, and related fields. Baltimore : Urban & Schwarzenberg, 1987: 20927.
  • 3
    Yamaguchi F, Meyer JS, Sakai F, et al. Normal human aging and cerebral vasoconstrictive responses to hypocapnia. J Neurol Sci 1979;44: 8794.DOI: 10.1016/0022-510X(79)90226-0
  • 4
    Yamatani M, Konishi T, Murakami M, et al. Hyperventilation activation on EEG recording in childhood. Epilepsia 1994;35: 1199203.
  • 5
    Drury I. Activation of seizures by hyperventilation. In: LudersHO, Noachtars, eds. Epileptic seizures: pathophysiology and clinical semiology, Philadelphia : Churchill & Livingstone, 2000: 5759.
  • 6
    Dalby MA. Epilepsy and three per second spike and wave rhythms: a clinical electroencephalographic and prognostic analysis of 346 patients. Acta Neurol Scand 1969; suppl 40: 1180.
  • 7
    Blume WT, David RB, Gomez MR. Generalized sharp and slow wave complexes: associated clinical features and long-term follow-up. Brain 1973;96: 289306.
  • 8
    Markand ON. Slow spike-wave activity in EEG and associated clinical features: often called “Lennox” or “Lennox-Gastaut” syndrome. Neurology 1977;27: 74657.
  • 9
    Gastaut H, Roger J, Soulayrol R, et al. Epileptic encephalopathy of children with diffuse slow spikes and waves (alias “petit mal variant”) or Lennox syndrome. Ann Pediatr 1966;13: 48999.
  • 10
    Rockstroh B. Hyperventilation-induced EEG changes in humans and their modulation by an anticonvulsant drug. Epilepsy Res 1990;7: 14654.DOI: 10.1016/0920-1211(90)90100-A
  • 11
    Foerster O. Hyperventilationsepilepsie. Z Neurol Psychiatrie 1924;38: 28993.
  • 12
    Rossett J. Experimental production of rigidity, of abnormal movements, and of abnormal states of consciousness in man. Brain 1924;47: 293336.
  • 13
    Gabor AJ, Marsan CA. Co-existence of focal and bilateral diffuse paroxysmal discharges in epileptics: clinical-electrographic study. Epilepsia 1969;10: 45372.
  • 14
    Morgan MH, Scott DF. EEG Activation in epilepsies other than petit mal. Epilepsia 1970;11: 25561.
  • 15
    Van Reeth PC. Un cas d'épilepsie temporale autoprovoquée et le problème de l'autostimulation cérébrale hédonique. Acta Neurol 1959; 4905.
  • 16
    Penfield W, Erickson TC. Epilepsy and cerebral localization. Springfield , Ill: Charles C Thomas, 1941.
  • 17
    Schüler P, Claus D, Stefan H. Hyperventilation and transcranial magnetic stimulation: two methods of activation of epileptiform EEG activity in comparison. J Clin Neurophysiol 1993;10: 1115.
  • 18
    Miley CE, Forster FM. Activation of partial complex seizures by hyperventilation. Arch Neurol 1977;34: 3713.
  • 19
    Holmes MD, Dewaraja AS, Vanhatalo S. Does hyperventilation elicit epileptic seizures? Epilepsia 2004;45: 61820.DOI: 10.1111/j.0013-9580.2004.63803.x
  • 20
    Daly DD. Epilepsy and syncope. In: DalyDD, PedleyTA, eds. Current practice of clinical electroencephalography. 2nd ed. New York : Raven Press, 1997: 269334.
  • 21
    American EEG Society Guidelines. Minimum technical requirements for performing clinical electroencephalography. J Clin Neurophysiol 1994;11: 25.
  • 22
    Kiloh LG, McComas AJ, Osselton AJ. Clinical electroencephalography. London : Butterworths, 1972.
  • 23
    Servit Z, Strejcková A. Influence of nasal respiration upon normal EEG and epileptic electrographic activities in frog and turtle. Physiol Bohemoslov 1976;25: 10914.
  • 24
    Servit Z, Kristof M, Kolínová. Activation of epileptic electrographic phenomena in the human EEG by nasal air flow. Physiol Bohemoslov 1977;26: 499506.
  • 25
    Servit Z, Kristof M, Strejcková A. Activating effect of nasal and oral hyperventilation on epileptic electrographic phenomena: reflex mechanisms of nasal origin. Epilepsia 1981;22: 3219.
  • 26
    Davis H, Wallace WM. Factors affecting changes produced in electroencephalogram by standardized hyperventilation. Arch Neurol Psychiatry 1942;47: 60625.
  • 27
    Van der Worp HB, Kraaier V, Wieneke GH, et al. Quantitative EEG during progressive hypocarbia and hypoxia: hyperventilation-induced EEG changes reconsidered. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 1991;79: 33541.DOI: 10.1016/0013-4694(91)90197-C
  • 28
    Kennealy JA, Penovich PE, Moore-Nease SE. EEG and spectral analysis in acute hyperventilation. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 1986;63: 98106.DOI: 10.1016/0013-4694(86)90002-7
  • 29
    Konishi T. The standardization of hyperventilation on EEG recording in childhood, I: the quantity of hyperventilation activation. Brain Dev 1987;9: 1620.
  • 30
    Sherwin I. Differential effects of hyperventilation on the excitability of intact and isolated cortex. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 1965;18: 599607.DOI: 10.1016/0013-4694(65)90077-5
  • 31
    Sherwin I. Alterations in the non-specific cortical afference during hyperventilation. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 1967;23: 5328.DOI: 10.1016/0013-4694(67)90019-3
  • 32
    Morrice JKW. Slow wave production in the EEG, with reference to hyperpnoea, carbon dioxide and autonomic balance. EEG Clin Neurophysiol 1956;8: 4972.DOI: 10.1016/0013-4694(56)90033-5
  • 33
    Blinn KA, Noel WK. Continuous measurement of alveolar CO2 tension during hyperventilation test in routine electroencephalography. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 1949;1: 33342.
  • 34
    Kraaier V, Van Huffelen, AC, Wieneke, GH, et al. Quantitative EEG changes due to cerebral vasoconstriction: indomethacin versus hyperventilation-induced reduction in cerebral blood flow in normal subjects. Electroenchephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 1992;82: 20812.DOI: 10.1016/0013-4694(92)90169-I
  • 35
    Niedermeyer E. Focal and generalized seizures discharges in the electroencephalogram and their response to intravenous diazepam. Int Med Dig 1972;7: 4961.
  • 36
    Engel J, Lubens P, Kuhl DE, et al. Local cerebral metabolic rate for glucose during petit mal absences. Ann Neurol 1985;17: 1218.DOI: 10.1002/ana.410170204
  • 37
    Katayama S, Momose T, Sano I, et al. Temporal lobe CO2 vasoreactivity in patients with complex partial seizures. Jpn J Psychiatry Neurol 1992;46: 37985.
  • 38
    Marrosu F, Puligheddu M, Giagheddu M, et al. Correlation between cerebral perfusion and hyperventilation enhanced focal spiking activity. Epilepsy Res 2000;40: 7986.DOI: 10.1016/S0920-1211(00)00111-X