Present address: Department of Genetics, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602; E-mail: email@example.com.
PARALLEL EVOLUTION OF THE MELANIC FORM OF THE CALIFORNIA LEGLESS LIZARD, ANNIELLA PULCHRA, INFERRED FROM MITOCHONDRIAL DNA SEQUENCE VARIATION
Article first published online: 9 MAY 2007
Volume 54, Issue 3, pages 1041–1046, June 2000
How to Cite
Pearse, D. E. and Pogson, G. H. (2000), PARALLEL EVOLUTION OF THE MELANIC FORM OF THE CALIFORNIA LEGLESS LIZARD, ANNIELLA PULCHRA, INFERRED FROM MITOCHONDRIAL DNA SEQUENCE VARIATION. Evolution, 54: 1041–1046. doi: 10.1111/j.0014-3820.2000.tb00104.x
- Issue published online: 9 MAY 2007
- Article first published online: 9 MAY 2007
- Received June 9, 1999. Accepted November 17, 1999.
- cytochrome b;
- parallel evolution;
- thermal melanism
Abstract.— The phylogenetic relationships among populations of the fossorial California legless lizard, Anniella pulchra, were examined by sequencing a 990-bp region of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. The mitochondrial DNA gene tree was then compared with the geographic distributions of two currently recognized subspecies: A. p. nigra, a melanic form restricted to two disjunct coastal populations, and A. p. pulchra, a more widely distributed, silvery form. We tested the null hypothesis that all A. p. nigra form a clade that is monophyletic with respect to A. p. pulchra. Our results strongly reject the monophyletic origin of the melanic forms and suggest that the two populations of the nominal subspecies A. p. nigra may have arisen independently from different ancestral populations in a parallel evolutionary response to selection in cool, coastal habitats.