Present address: Department of Ornithology, American Museum of Natural History, Central Park West at 79th Street, New York, New York 10024; E-mail: email@example.com.
AN ENDEMIC RADIATION OF MALAGASY SONGBIRDS IS REVEALED BY MITOCHONDRIAL DNA SEQUENCE DATA
Article first published online: 9 MAY 2007
Volume 55, Issue 6, pages 1198–1206, June 2001
How to Cite
Cibois, A., Slikas, B., Schulenberg, T. S. and Pasquet, E. (2001), AN ENDEMIC RADIATION OF MALAGASY SONGBIRDS IS REVEALED BY MITOCHONDRIAL DNA SEQUENCE DATA. Evolution, 55: 1198–1206. doi: 10.1111/j.0014-3820.2001.tb00639.x
- Issue published online: 9 MAY 2007
- Article first published online: 9 MAY 2007
- Received July 31, 2000. Accepted January 15, 2001.
- Adaptive radiation;
- cytochrome b;
- molecular phylogeny;
Abstract.— The bird fauna of Madagascar includes a high proportion of endemic species, particularly among passerine birds (Aves: Passeriformes). The endemic genera of Malagasy songbirds are not allied obviously with any African or Asiatic taxa, and their affinities have been debated since the birds first were described. We used mitochondrial sequence data to estimate the relationships of 13 species of endemic Malagasy songbirds, 17 additional songbird species, and one species of suboscine passerine. In our optimal trees, nine of the 13 Malagasy species form a clade, although these birds currently are classified in three different families. In all optimal trees, the sister to this endemic clade is a group of Old World warblers including both African and Malagasy birds. The endemic Malagasy songbird clade rivals other island radiations, including the vangas of Madagascar and the finches of the Galapagos, in ecological diversity.