SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Literature Cited

  • Angiosperm Phylogeny Group. 1998. An ordinal classification for the families of flowering plants. Ann. MO. Bot. Gard. 85:531553.
  • Ashmead, W. H. 1896. Descriptions of new cynipidous galls and gall-wasps in the United States National Museum. Proc. U. S. Natl. Mus. 19:113136.
  • Bassett, H. F. 1900. New species of North American Cynipidae. Trans. Am. Entomol. Soc. 26:310336.
  • Baumann, T., and R. Brandl. 1993. Evolution of host relationships in the genus Isocolus Foerst. (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) on Centaurea (Asteraceae). Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 21:341349.
  • Becerra, J. X. 1997. Insects on plants: macroevolutionary chemical trends in host use. Science 276:253256.
  • Becerra, J. X., and D. L. Venable. 1999. Macroevolution of insect-plant associations: the relevance of host biogeography to host affiliation. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 96:1262612631.
  • Belizin, V. I. 1959. Gall wasps of the tribe Aylaxini (Hymenoptera, Cynipoidea) new for the fauna of the U.S.S.R. (In Russian.) Entomol. Obozr. 38:662674.
  • Berenbaum, M. R., and S. Passoa. 1999. Generic phylogeny of North American Depressariinae (Lepidoptera: Elachistidae) and hypotheses about coevolution. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 92:970986.
  • Bremer, K. 1994. Asteraceae: cladistics and classification. Timber Press, Portland , OR .
  • Bronner, R. 1992. The role of nutritive cells in the nutrition of cynipids and cecidomyids. pp. 118140 in J. D.Shorthouse and O.Rohfritsch, eds. Biology of insect-induced galls. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford , U.K. .
  • Brooks, S. E., and J. D. Shorthouse. 1998. Developmental morphology of stem galls of Diplolepis nodulosa (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) and those modified by the inquiline Periclistus pirata (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) on Rosa blanda (Rosaceae). Can. J. Bot. 76:365381.
  • Burks, B. D. 1979. Cynipoidea. pp. 10451107 in K. V.Krombein, P. D.HurdJr., D. R.Smith, and B. D.Burks, eds. Catalog of Hymenoptera in North America north of Mexico. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington , DC .
  • Cockerell, T. D. A. 1890. Evolution of galls. Entomologist 23:7376.
  • Cook, M. T. 1902. Galls and insects producing them. Ohio Naturalist 2:263278.
  • Cornell, H. V. 1983. The secondary chemistry and complex morphology of galls formed by the Cynipinae (Hymenoptera): Why and how Am. Midl. Nat. 110:225234.
  • Crane, P. R., E. M. Friis, and K. R. Pedersen. 1995. The origin and early diversification of angiosperms. Nature 374:2733.
  • Crespi, B. J., D. A. Carmean, and T. W. Chapman. 1997. Ecology and evolution of galling thrips and their allies. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 42:5171.
  • Dalla Torre, K. W., and J. J. Kieffer. 1910. Cynipidae. Das Tierreich 24:1891.
  • de Queiroz, K. 1996. Including the characters of interest during tree reconstruction and the problems of circularity and bias in studies of character evolution. Am. Nat. 148:700708.
  • D'yakonchuk, L. A. 1984. New species of Cynipidae (Hymenoptera) from Georgian SSR. (In Russian.) Vestn. Zool. 1984:7477.
  • D'yakonchuk, L. A. 1990. A new cynipid species of the genus Aylax (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae) from Transcaucasia and Middle Asia. Pp. 126127 in I. A.Akimov, ed. News of faunistics and systematics. Naukova Dumka, Kiev .
  • Ehrlich, P. R., and P. H. Raven. 1964. Butterflies and plants: a study in coevolution. Evolution 18:586608.
  • Farrell, B. D., and C. Mitter. 1998. The timing of insect/plant diversification: Might Tetraopes (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) and Asclepias (Asclepiadaceae) have co-evolved Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 63:553577.
  • Feeny, P. 1976. Plant apparency and chemical defence. Recent Adv. Phytochem. 10:140.
  • Fukatsu, T., S. Aoki, U. Kurosu, and H. Ishikawa. 1994. Phylogeny of Cerataphidini aphids revealed by their symbiotic microorganisms and basic structure of their galls: implications for host-symbiont coevolution and evolution of sterile soldier castes. Zool. Sci. (Tokyo) 11:613623.
  • Goulet, H., and J. T. Huber. 1993. Hymenoptera of the world: an identification guide to families. Agriculture Canada, Ottawa .
  • Harrison, J. W. H. 1922. The egglaying instincts of Rhodites rosae and certain deductions therefrom. Vasculum 8:3337.
  • Huelsenbeck, J. P., B. Rannala, and J. P. Masly. 2000. Accommodating phylogenetic uncertainty in evolutionary studies. Science 288:23492350.
  • Janz, N., and S. Nylin. 1998. Butterflies and plants: a phylogenetic study. Evolution 52:486502.
  • Jones, D. 1983. The influence of host density and gall shape on the survivorship of Diastrophus kincaidii Gill. (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae). Can. J. Zool. 61:21382142.
  • Kinsey, A. C. 1919. Fossil Cynipidae. Psyche 26:4449.
  • Kinsey, A. C. 1920. Phylogeny of cynipid genera and biological characteristics. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. 42:357402.
  • Kinsey, A. C. 1923. The gall wasp genus Neuroterus (Hymenoptera). Indiana Univ. Stud. 10:1150.
  • Kinsey, A. C. 1930. The gall wasp genus Cynips: a study in the origin of species. Indiana Univ. Stud. 16:1577.
  • Kinsey, A. C. 1936. The origin of the higher categories in Cynips. Indiana Univ. Publ. Sci. Ser. 4:1334.
  • Kinsey, A. C. 1937. Order Hymenoptera, family Cynipidae. pp. 2127 in F. M.Carpenter, J. W.Folsom, E. O.Essig, A. C.Kinsey, C. T.Brues, M. W.Boesel, and H. E.Ewing, eds. Insects and arachnids from Canadian amber. Univ. of Toronto Press, Toronto .
  • Kovalev, O. V. 1994. Palaeontological history, phylogeny and the system of brachycleistogastromorphs and cynipomorphs (Hymenoptera, Brachycleistogastromorpha infraorder n. Cynipomorpha infraorder n.) with description of new fossil and recent families, subfamilies and genera. (In Russian.) Entomol. Obozr. 73:385495.
  • Larsson, S., and B. Ekbom. 1995. Oviposition mistakes in herbivorous insects: confusion or a step towards a new host plant Oikos 72:155159.
  • Liljeblad, J., and F. Ronquist. 1998. A phylogenetic analysis of higher-level gall wasp relationships. Syst. Entomol. 23:229252.
  • Luckow, M., and A. Bruneau. 1997. Circularity and independence in phylogenetic tests of ecological hypotheses. Cladistics 13:145151.
  • Maddison, W. P., and D. R. Maddison. 1992. MacClade: analysis of phylogeny and character evolution. Ver. 3.0. Sinauer, Sunderland , MA .
  • Malyshev, S. I. 1968. Genesis of the Hymenoptera and the phases of their evolution. Methuen, London .
  • Menken, S. B. J. 1996. Pattern and process in the evolution of insect-plant associations: Yponomeuta as an example. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 80:297305.
  • Miller, J. S. 1992. Host-plant associations among prominent moths. Bioscience 42:5057.
  • Mitter, C., and B. Farrell. 1991. Macroevolutionary aspects of insect-plant relationships. pp. 3578 in E. A.Bernays, ed. Insect-plant interactions. CRC Press, Boca Raton , FL .
  • Morris, D. C., L. A. Mound, M. P. Schwarz, and B. J. Crespi. 1999. Morphological phylogenetics of Australian gall-inducing thrips and their allies: the evolution of host-plant affiliations, domicile use and social behaviour. Syst. Entomol. 24:289299.
  • Ngakan, P. O., and J. Yukawa. 1996. Gall site preference and intraspecific competition of Neothoracaphis yanonis (Homoptera: Aphididae). Appl. Entomol. Zool. 31:299310.
  • Nieves Aldrey J. L. 1994. Revision of the West-European genera of the tribe Aylacini Ashmead (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae). J. Hymenoptera Res. 3:175206.
  • Nordlander, G., Z. Liu, and F. Ronquist. 1996. Phylogeny and historical biogeography of the cynipoid wasp family Ibaliidae (Hymenoptera). Syst. Entomol. 21:151166.
  • Nyman, T., H. Roininen, and J. A. Vuorinen. 1998. Evolution of different gall types in willow-feeding sawflies (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae). Evolution 52:465474.
  • Nyman, T., A. Widmer, and H. Roininen. 2000. Evolution of gall morphology and host-plant relationships in willow-feeding sawflies (Hymenoptera: Tenthredinidae). Evolution 54:526533.
  • Page, R. D. M. 1995. Parallel phylogenies: reconstructing the history of host-parasite assemblages. Cladistics 10:155173.
  • Price, P. W., G. W. Fernandes, and G. L. Waring. 1987. Adaptive nature of insect galls. Environ. Entomol. 16:1524.
  • Pujade, J. 1997. Sobre la identidad del huésped de Rhodus oriundus Quinlan, 1968 (Hymenoptera, Cynipoidea: Cynipidae, Aylacini). Bol. Asoc. Esp. Entomol. 21:284285.
  • Pujade, Villar J. 1984. Estudi del comportament individual de Diastrophus rubi (Bouché) (Hymenoptera, Cynipinae). Sessió Conjunta d'Entomología ICHN-SCL 3:125132.
  • Quinlan, J. 1968. Cynipinae (Hymenoptera) occurring on Phlomis L. Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. Lond. 120:275286.
  • Rohfritsch, O. 1992. Patterns in gall development. pp. 6086 in J. D.Shorthouse and O.Rohfritsch, eds. Biology of insect-induced galls. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford , U.K. .
  • Ronquist, F. 1994. Evolution of parasitism among closely related species: phylogenetic relationships and the origin of inquilinism in gall wasps (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae). Evolution 48:241266.
  • Ronquist, F. 1995. Phylogeny and early evolution of the Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera). Syst. Entomol. 20:309335.
  • Ronquist, F. 1996. DIVA (dispersal-vicariance analysis). Ver. 1.1. Software available via www.ebc.uu.sesystzooresearchdivadiva.html. Uppsala Univ. Uppsala.
  • Ronquist, F. 1997. Dispersal-vicariance analysis: a new approach to the quantification of historical biogeography. Syst. Biol. 46:195203.
  • Ronquist, F. 1998. Phylogenetic approaches in coevolution and biogeography. Zool. Scr. 26:313322.
  • Ronquist, F. 1999. Phylogeny, classification and evolution of the Cynipoidea. Zool. Scr. 28:139164.
  • Ronquist, F. 2000. TreeFitter. Ver. 1.0. Software available via www.ebc.uu.sesystzooresearchtreefittertreefitter.html. Uppsala Univ. Uppsala, Sweden.
  • Ronquist, F., and J. L. Nieves Aldrey. In press. A new subfamily of the Figitidae. Zool. J. Linn. Soc.
  • Roskam, H. C. 1992. Evolution of the gall-inducing guild. pp. 3449 in J. D.Shorthouse and O.Rohfritsch, eds. Biology of insect-induced galls. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford , U.K. .
  • Sanderson, M. J., A. Purvis, and C. Henze. 1998. Phylogenetic supertrees: assembling the trees of life. Trends Ecol. Evol. 13:105109.
  • Savolainen, V., M. W. Chase, S. B. Hoot, C. M. Morton, D. E. Soltis, C. Bayer, M. F. Fay, A. Y. d. Bruijn, S. Sullivan, and Y.-L. Qiu. 2000. Phylogenetics of flowering plants based on combined analysis of plastid atpB and rbcL gene sequences. Syst. Biol. 49:306362.
  • Schluter, D., T. Price, A. Ø. Mooers, and D. Ludwig. 1997. Likelihood of ancestor states in adaptive radiation. Evolution 51:16991711.
  • Scott, A. C., J. Stephenson, and M. E. Collinson. 1994. The fossil record of leaves with galls. pp. 447470 in M. A. J.Williams, ed. Plant galls. Clarendon, Oxford , U.K. .
  • Shorthouse, J. D. 1980. Modification of galls of Diplolepis polita by the inquiline Periclistus pirata. Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. Actual. Bot. 127:7984.
  • Smith, U. R. 1996. Strange fruit of the Cretaceous poppy. P. 365 in J.Repetski, ed. Sixth North American paleontological convention; abstracts of papers. The Paleontological Society, Knoxville , TN .
  • Stone, G. N., and J. M. Cook. 1998. The structure of cynipid oak galls: patterns in the evolution of an extended phenotype. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. Ser. B. Biol. Sci. 265:979988.
  • Swofford, D. L. 1998. PAUP*: phylogenetic analysis using parsimony (*and other methods). Ver. 4. Sinauer, Sunderland , MA .
  • Weis, A. E., R. Walton, and C. L. Crego. 1988. Reactive plant tissue sites and the population biology of gall makers. Annu. Rev. Entomol. 33:467486.
  • Weld, L. 1952. Cynipoidea (Hym.) 1905–1950. Privately printed, Ann Arbor , MI .
  • Wells, B. W. 1921. Evolution of galls. Bot. Gaz. 71:358377.
  • Zerova, M. D., L. A. D'yakonchuk, and V. M. Ermolenko. 1988. Gall-forming insects of the European part of the USSR: Hymenoptera. (In Russian.) Naukova Dumka, Kiev.