SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Literature Cited

  • Agrawal, A. F., and C. M. Lively. 2001. Parasites and the evolution of self fertilization. Evolution 55: 869879.
  • Allendorf, F. W. 1986. Genetic drift and the loss of alleles versus heterozygosity. Zoo Biol. 5: 181190.
  • Arme, C., and R. W. Owen. 1967. Infections of the three-spined stickleback, Gasterosteus aculeatus L., with the plerocercoid larvae of Schistocephalus solidus (Müller, 1776), with special reference to pathological effects. Parasitology 57: 301314.
  • Barton, N. H., and B. Charlesworth. 1998. Why sex and recombination Science 281: 19861990.
  • Bell, G. 1982. The masterpiece of nature: The evolution and genetics of sexuality. Croom-Helm, London .
  • Bijlsma, R., J. Bundgaard, and W. F. Van Putten 1999. Environmental dependence of inbreeding depression and purging in Dro-sophila melanogaster. J. Evol. Biol. 12: 11251137.
  • Brown, S. P., F. Renaud, J. F. Guegan, and F. Thomas. 2001. Evolution of trophic transmission in parasites: the need to reach a mating place J. Evol. Biol. 14: 815820.
  • Buchner, A., F. Faul, and E. Erdfelder. 1997. G Power: a priori, post-hoc, and compromise power analyses for the Macintosh. Ver. 2.1.2. University of Trier, Trier , Germany .
  • Carr, D. E., and M. R. Dudash. 1995. Inbreeding depression under a competitive regime in Mimulus guttatus–consequences for potential male and female function. Heredity 75: 437445.
  • Charlesworth, B. 1980. The cost of sex in relation to mating system. J. Theor. Biol. 84: 655671.
  • Charlesworth, B., and D. Charlesworth. 1999. The genetic basis of inbreeding depression. Genet. Res. 74: 329340.
  • Charlesworth, D., and B. Charlesworth. 1987. Inbreeding depression and its evolutionary consequences. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 18: 237268.
  • Charlesworth, D., E. E. Lyons, and L. B. Litchfield. 1994. Inbreeding depression in two highly inbreeding populations of Leav-enworthia. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 258: 209214.
  • Clarke, A. S. 1954. Studies on the life cycle of the pseudophyllidean cestode Schistocephalus solidus. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 124: 257302.
  • Cohen, J. 1988. Statistical power analysis for the behavioural sciences. Lawrence Erlbaum, Hillsdale , NJ .
  • Dubinina, M. N. 1966. Tapeworms (Cestoda, Ligulidae) of the fauna of the USSR. Translated from Russian. Nauka Publishers, Moscow .
  • Dybdahl, M. F., and C. M. Lively. 1998. Host-parasite coevolution: Evidence for rare advantage and time-lagged selection in a natural population. Evolution 52: 10571066.
  • Ebert, D. E., and W. D. Hamilton. 1996. Sex against virulence: the coevolution of parasitic diseases. Trends Ecol. Evol. 11: 7982.
  • Franz, K., and J. Kurtz. 2002. Altered host behaviour: manipulation or energy depletion in tapeworm-infected copepods Parasitol-ogy 125: 187196.
  • Giles, N. 1983. Behavioural effects of the parasite Schistocephalus solidus (Cestoda) on an intermediate host, the three-spined stickleback, Gasterosteus aculeatus L. Anim. Behav. 31: 11921194.
  • Green, D. M., A. R. Kraaijeveld, and H. C. J. Godfray. 2000. Evolutionary interactions between Drosophila melanogaster and its parasitoid Asobara tabida. Heredity 85: 450458.
  • Hoffmann, A. A., and J. Merila. 1999. Heritable variation and evolution under favourable and unfavourable conditions. Trends Ecol. Evol. 14: 96101.
  • Holsinger, K. E. 2000. Reproductive systems and evolution in vascular plants. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97: 70377042.
  • Hopkins, C. A., and J. D. Smyth. 1951. Notes on the morphology and life history of Schistocephalus solidus (Cestoda, Diphyllo-bothriidae). Parasitology 41: 283291.
  • Jakobsen, P. J., and C. Wedekind. 1998. Copepod reaction to odor stimuli influenced by cestode infection. Behav. Ecol. 9: 414418.
  • Jakobsen, P. J., G. H. Johansen, and P. Larsson. 1988. Effects of predation risk and parasitism on the feeding ecology, habitat use, and abundance of lacustrine threespine stickleback Gaster-osteus aculeatus. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 45: 426431.
  • Jarne, P., and D. Charlesworth. 1993. The evolution of the selfing rate in functionally hermaphrodite plants and animals. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 24: 441466.
  • Kaltz, O., and J. A. Shykoff. 1999. Selfing versus outcrossing propensity of the fungal pathogen Microbotryum violaceum across Silene latifolia host plants. J. Evol. Biol. 12: 340349.
  • Keller, L. F., P. Arcese, J. N. M. Smith, W. M. Hochachka, and S. C. Stearns. 1994. Selection against inbred song sparrows during a natural population bottleneck. Nature 372: 356357.
  • Kondrashov, A. S. 1988. Deleterious mutations and the evolution of sexual reproduction. Nature 336: 435440.
  • Kurtz, J., I. T. van der Veen, and M. Christen. 2002. Fluorescent vital labelling to track cestodes in a copepod intermediate host. Exp. Parasitol. 100: 3643.
  • Lively, C. M., and D. G. Lloyd. 1990. The cost of biparental sex under individual selection. Am. Nat. 135: 489500.
  • Lloyd, D. G. 1979. Some reproductive factors affecting the selection of self-fertilization in plants. Am. Nat. 113: 6779.
  • Lüscher, A., and C. Wedekind. 2002. Size-dependent discrimination of mating partners in the simultaneous hermaphroditic cestode Schistocephalus solidus. Behav. Ecol. 13: 254259.
  • Maynard Smith, J. 1971. The origin and maintenance of sex. Aldine Atherton, Chicago , IL .
  • Maynard Smith, J. 1978. The evolution of sex. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge , U.K .
  • McPhail, J. D., and S. D. Peacock. 1983. Some effects of the cestode Schistocephalus solidus on reproduction in the three-spined stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus, evolutionary aspects of a host parasite interaction. Can. J. Zool. 61: 901908.
  • Meagher, S., D. J. Penn, and W. K. Potts. 2000. Male-male competition magnifies inbreeding depression in wild house mice. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 97: 33243329.
  • Meakins, R. H., and M. Walkey. 1975. The effects of parasitism by the plerocercoid of Schistocephalus solidus Muller 1776 (Pseudophyllidea) on the respiration of the three-spined stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus L. J. Fish Biol. 7: 817824.
  • Michiels, N. K. 1998. Mating conflicts and sperm competition in simultaneous hermaphrodites. Pp. 219254 in T. R.Birkhead and A. P.Møller, eds. Sperm competition and sexual selection. Academic Press, London .
  • Milinski, M. 1985. Risk of predation of parasitized sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus L.) under competition for food. Behaviour 93: 203215.
  • Nakamura, F., and K. Okamoto. 1993. Reconsideration of the effects of selfing on the viability of Hymenolepsis nana. Int. J. Parasitol. 23: 931936.
  • Orr, T. S. C., and C. A. Hopkins. 1969. Maintenance of Schisto-cephalus solidus in laboratory with observations on rate of growth of and proglottid formation in plerocercoid. J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 26: 741752.
  • Ouborg, N. J., A. Biere, and C. L. Mudde. 2000. Inbreeding effects on resistance and transmission-related traits in the Silene mi-crobotryum pathosystem. Ecology 81: 520531.
  • Penn, D. J. 2002. The scent of genetic compatibility: Sexual selection and the major histocompatibility complex. Ethology 108: 121.
  • Schärer, L., and C. Wedekind. 1999. Lifetime reproductive output in a hermaphrodite cestode when reproducing alone or in pairs: a time cost of pairing. Evol. Ecol. 13: 381394.
  • Schärer, L., L. M. Karlsson, M. Christen, and C. Wedekind. 2001. Size dependent sex allocation in a simultaneous hermaphrodite parasite. J. Evol. Biol. 14: 5567.
  • Schmitt, J., and D. W. Ehrhardt. 1987. A test of the sib-competition hypothesis for outcrossing advantage in Impatiens capensis. Evolution 41: 579590.
  • Schrag, S. J., A. O. Mooers, G. T. Ndifon, and A. F. Read. 1994. Ecological correlates of male outcrossing ability in a simultaneous hermaphrodite snail. Am. Nat. 143: 636655.
  • Smyth, J. D. 1946. Studies on tapeworm physiology. 1. The cultivation of Schistocephalus solidus in vitro. J. Exp. Biol. 23: 4770.
  • Smyth, J. D. 1994. Introduction to animal parasitology. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge , U.K .
  • Stevens, L., G. Y. Yan, and L. A. Pray. 1997. Consequences of inbreeding on invertebrate host susceptibility to parasitic infection. Evolution 51: 20322039.
  • Storch, V., and U. Welsch. 1991. Systematische zoologie. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart .
  • Szafraniec, K., R. H. Borts, and R. Korona. 2001. Environmental stress and mutational load in diploid strains of the yeast Sac-charomyces cerevisiae. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98: 11071112.
  • Watkins, D. I., T. L. Garber, Z. W. Chen, G. Toukatly, A. L. Hughes, and N. L. Letvin. 1991. Unusually limited nucleotide-sequence variation of the expressed major histocompatibility complex class-I genes of a new-world primate species (Saguinus oedipus). Immunogenetics 33: 7989.
  • Wedekind, C., and M. Milinski. 1996. Do three-spined sticklebacks avoid consuming copepods, the first intermediate host of Schis-tocephalus solidus? An experimental analysis of behavioural resistance. Parasitology 112: 371383.
  • Wedekind, C., and A. Ruetschi. 2000. Parasite heterogeneity affects infection success and the occurrence of within-host competition: An experimental study with a cestode. Evol. Ecol. Res. 2: 10311043.
  • Wedekind, C., D. Strahm, and L. Scharer. 1998. Evidence for strategic egg production in a hermaphroditic cestode. Parasitology 117: 373382.
  • Wedekind, C., M. Christen, L. Scharer, and N. Treichel. 2000. Relative helminth size in crustacean hosts: in vivo determination, and effects of host gender and within-host competition in a co-pepod infected by a cestode. Aquat. Ecol. 34: 279285.
  • Weeks, S. C., V. Marcus, and B. R. Crosser. 1999. Inbreeding depression in a self compatible, androdioecious crustacean, Eu-limnadia texana. Evolution 53: 472483.
  • West, S. A., C. M. Lively, and A. F. Read. 1999. A pluralist approach to sex and recombination. J. Evol. Biol. 12: 10031012.
  • Williams, G. C. 1971. Introduction. Pp. 115 in G. C.Williams, ed. Group selection. Aldine Atherton, Chicago , IL .
  • Williams, G. C. 1975. Sex and evolution. Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton , NJ .
  • Wright, S. 1977. Experimental results and evolutionary deductions. Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago , IL .