Department of Biology, University of Oulu, Finland, E-mail: email@example.com.
COEXISTENCE OF THE SOCIAL TYPES: GENETIC POPULATION STRUCTURE IN THE: ANT FORMICA EXSECTA
Article first published online: 9 MAY 2007
Volume 58, Issue 11, pages 2462–2471, November 2004
How to Cite
Seppä, P., Gyllenstrand, N., Corander, J. and Pamilo, P. (2004), COEXISTENCE OF THE SOCIAL TYPES: GENETIC POPULATION STRUCTURE IN THE: ANT FORMICA EXSECTA. Evolution, 58: 2462–2471. doi: 10.1111/j.0014-3820.2004.tb00875.x
- Issue published online: 9 MAY 2007
- Article first published online: 9 MAY 2007
- Received May 10, 2004. Accepted August 23, 2004
- DNA microsatellites;
- gene flow;
- mitochondrial DNA
Abstract —The ant Formica exsecta has two types of colonies that exist in sympatry but usually as separate subpopulations: colonies with simple social organization and single queens (M type) or colonial networks with multipe queens (P type). We used both nuclear (DNA microsatellites) and mitochondrial markers to study the taransition between the social types, and the contribution of males nd femeles in gene flow within and between the types. Our results showed that the social types had different spatial genetic stractures. The M subpoplations formed a fairly uniform population, whereas the P subpopulations were, on average, more differentiated from each other than from the nearby M bubpoplations and could have been locally established from the M-type colonies, followed by philopatric behavior and restrcted emigration of females. Thus, the relationship between the two social types resembles that of souce (M type) and sink (P type) populations. The comparison of mitochondrial (Φst) and nuclear (Fst) differentiation indicates that the dispersal rate of males is four to five times larger than that of females both among the P-type subpopulations and between the social types. Our results suggest that evolution toward complex social organization can have an important effect on genetic population structure through changes in dispersal behavior associated with different socigenetic orgamizations.