• Aitken JS, Webber BL, Bard JBL (2004) Part-of relations in anatomy ontologies: a proposal for RDFS and OWL formalisations. Pacific Symp. Bioinformatics 9, 166177.
  • Baader F, Horrocks I, Sattler U (2004) Description logics. In Handbook on Ontologies (eds StaabS, StuderR), pp. 328. Berlin: Springer.
  • Baldock R, Burger A (2005) Anatomical ontologies: names and places in biology. Genome Biol. in press.
  • Bard JBL, Rhee SY (2004) Ontologies in biology: design, applications, and future challenges. Nature Rev. Gen. 5, 213222.
  • Birk OS, Casiano DE, Wassif CA, et al. (2000) The LIM homeobox gene Lhx9 is essential for mouse gonad formation. Nature 403, 909913.
  • Burger A, Davidson D, Baldock R (2003) Formalization of mouse embryo anatomy. Bioinformatics 19, 19.
  • Davidson D, Baldock R (2001) Bioinformatics beyond sequence: mapping gene function in the embryo. Nat. Rev. Gen. 2, 409418.
  • Gkoutos GV, Green EC, Mallon AM, Hancock JM, Davidson D (2004) Building mouse phenotype ontologies. In Proceedings of the Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing, pp. 178189. World Scientific Publishing Co.
  • Harris MA, Clark J, Ireland A (2004) The Gene Ontology (GO) database and informatics resource. Nucleic Acids Res. 32 (Database issue), D258261.
  • Hendler J, Berners-Lee T, Miller E (2002) Integrating applications of the semantic web. J. Inst. Elec. Eng. Jap. 122, 676680.
  • Hill DP, Blake JA, Richardson JE, Ringwald M (2002) Extension and integration of the gene ontology (GO): combining GO vocabularies with external vocabularies. Genome Res. 12, 19821991.
  • Hunter A, Kaufman MH, McKay A, Baldock R, Simmen MW, Bard JB (2003) An ontology of human developmental anatomy. J. Anat. 203, 347355.
  • Lederberg J, McCray AT (2001) ‘Ome Sweet ‘Omics – a genealogical treasury of words. Scientist 15, 8.
  • Parkinson H, et al. (2005) The SOFG Anatomy Entry List (SAEL): an annotation tool for functional genomics data. Comp. Func. Genom. in press.
  • Ringwald M, Eppig JT, Begley DA, et al. (2001) Mouse Gene Expression Database (GXD). Nucleic Acids Res. 29, 98101.
  • Rogers JE, Roberts A, Solomon WD, et al. (2001) GALEN Ten years on: tasks and supporting tools. In Proceedings of the MEDINFO2001 (eds PatelV, et al.), pp. 256260. IOS Press.
  • Rosse C, Mejino JL Jr (2003) A reference ontology for biomedical informatics: the Foundational Model of Anatomy. J. Biomed. Inform. 36, 478500.
  • Simons P (1987) Parts: a Study in Ontology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Smith B (1996) Mereotopology: a theory of parts and boundaries. Data Knowledge Engineering 20, 287303.
  • Winston ME, Chaffin R, Herrmann D (1987) A taxonomy of part-whole relations. Cognitive Sci. 11, 417444.
  • Zhang S, Mork P, Bodenreider O (2004) Lessons learned from aligning two representations of anatomy. In Proceedings of the Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing, pp. 250261. World Scientific Publishing Co.