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Hispanics' Self-Esteem, Acculturation, and Skepticism of Women's Work


  • Sean Valentine

    1. Department of Management and Marketing, University of Wyoming
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    • 2Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Sean Valentine, Department of Management and Marketing, University of Wyoming, P.O. Box 3275, Laramie, WY 82071-3275. E-mail:

  • 1A Research Enhancement Grant from Lamar University supported this project. The author thanks Jennie Godkin, Graeme Doughty, and Manjula Krishnamurthy for their assistance on the grant; Philip Varca for his comments on an earlier draft of the manuscript; and James Faircloth for his assistance with data analysis.


This study investigated the relationships among Hispanics' self-esteem, acculturation, and skepticism of women's employment. Using a sample of Hispanic students, mediated regression analysis was initiated to determine whether acculturation mediated a proposed negative relationship between self-esteem and traditional gender attitudes. The results indicated that self-esteem and acculturation were positively related; self-esteem and employment skepticism were negatively related; and self-esteem was unrelated to employment skepticism in the presence of acculturation, which supported full mediation. Organizations should consider using a combination of diversity training, employee assistance programs, career counseling, and job-enrichment policies to facilitate Hispanics' self-esteem and acculturation, and these efforts might lead ultimately to greater acceptance of women's employment.