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College Students' Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors Regarding Organ Donation: An Integrated Review of the Literature

Authors

  • Thomas Hugh Feeley

    1. Department of Communication, School of Informatics and Department of Family Medicine, School of Medicine, State University of New York at Buffalo
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    • 2Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Thomas Hugh Feeley, Department of Family Medicine, School of Medicine, State University of New York at Buffalo, 329 Baldy Hall, North Campus Buffalo, NY 14260. E-mail: thfeeley@buffalo.edu


  • 1This study was supported by Grant #1R39OT01205-01-00 from the Health Resources Services Administration's Division of Transplantation (HRSA/DoT), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The contents of this publication are solely the responsibility of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of HRSA/DoT.

Abstract

The current paper provides an integrated review of research literature on college students' knowledge, attitudes, and intentions regarding organ and tissue donation (OTD). Findings across 27 studies indicate that (a) students reported a lack of information and knowledge on OTD; (b) 23% reported signing an organ card or state organ donation registry; (c) positive attitudes were reported toward donation; (d) surveyed students indicated a willingness to become organ donors; and (e) 36% reported having conversations with family about OTD. Self-efficacy and normative influence theory are recommended as promising theoretical approaches to studying OTD in college student samples.

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