New-Concept Part-Time Employment as a Work-Family Adaptive Strategy for Women Professionals with Small Children*


  • *

    We thank International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) for providing the support and cooperation needed to collect the data used in this article. Ideas expressed are the opinions of the authors, not necessarily of IBM. Special thanks to my research assistants Jennifer Anderson, Ryan Anderson, Chelsea Boss, Zach Forsey, Laura Koch, David Latham, Chanelle Scown, and Roxane Whyte, who aided in the preparation of this manuscript.

**E. Jeffrey Hill, School of Family Life, Brigham Young University, P.O. Box 25524, Provo, UT 84602-5524 (


This study investigates how the option for new-concept part-time (NPT) employment influences the ability of mothers of preschool children working in professional occupations to successfully integrate work and family responsibilities. Female NPT professionals (n = 279) and female full-time (FT) professionals (n = 250) were compared. The NPT group reported 20 fewer weekly work hours and about $18,000 less estimated annual household income than the FT group. They allocated this additional time primarily to caring for and nurturing their dependent children. They also reported less job-related travel, unnecessary work, and work-to-family conflict, as well as greater work-family success, childcare satisfaction, and family success. However, NPT mothers reported a more traditional division of labor in household responsibilities and less career opportunity and work success. Implications are presented and discussed.