Department of Sociology, Boston College, 140 Commonwealth Avenue, McGuinn Hall 426, Chestnut Hill, MA 02467.
Ethnic conflict, group polarization, and gender attitudes in Croatia
Article first published online: 9 NOV 2004
Journal of Marriage and Family
Volume 66, Issue 5, pages 1089–1107, December 2004
How to Cite
Kunovich, R. M. and Deitelbaum, C. (2004), Ethnic conflict, group polarization, and gender attitudes in Croatia. Journal of Marriage and Family, 66: 1089–1107. doi: 10.1111/j.0022-2445.2004.00080.x
- Issue published online: 9 NOV 2004
- Article first published online: 9 NOV 2004
- ethnic conflict;
- gender attitudes;
- gender ideology;
We examine the sources of traditional gender attitudes during a period of social conflict and change. Using survey data from Croatia (Center for the Investigation of Transition and Civil Society, 1996; N= 2,030) we explore the relationships between war-related experiences, in-group and out-group polarization, and two dimensions of gender attitudes: policy attitudes (e.g., attitudes toward divorce and abortion) and gendered family roles (e.g., attitudes toward the division of household labor). We argue that ethnic conflict promotes in-group polarization (i.e., attachment to the Croatian nation) and out-group polarization (i.e., distrust of “others”), which lead to a resurgence of traditional values, including traditional gender attitudes. We also examine the effects of childhood socialization, individual resources, and interpersonal familial ties on gender attitudes. Results support the conflict-group polarization model and indicate that out-group polarization has the most powerful effect on both gendered family role attitudes and policy attitudes for men and women. In-group polarization does not affect gender attitudes, however.