Department of Sociology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 1N4.
Educational differences in parents’ time with children: Cross-national variations
Article first published online: 9 NOV 2004
Journal of Marriage and Family
Volume 66, Issue 5, pages 1152–1169, December 2004
How to Cite
Sayer, L. C., Gauthier, A. H. and Furstenberg, F. F. (2004), Educational differences in parents’ time with children: Cross-national variations. Journal of Marriage and Family, 66: 1152–1169. doi: 10.1111/j.0022-2445.2004.00084.x
Department of Sociology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104.
- Issue published online: 9 NOV 2004
- Article first published online: 9 NOV 2004
- child care;
- cross-national comparisons;
- time use;
- welfare states
We analyze time diary data from 24,546 married mothers and married fathers in Canada, Germany, Italy, and Norway to determine whether the effect of education on child-care time varies cross-nationally. Our results indicate that more educated mothers spend more time with children than less educated mothers in each country, despite substantial cross-national variation in levels of economic support and services for families. This suggests that better educated mothers may have different parental values and behaviors than less educated mothers. Among fathers, however, education has no effect on child-care time in Norway, and only weak effects in Germany. This suggests that family policies that provide economic support to families may reduce time constraints on fathers, thus ameliorating educational effects.