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The Role of Individualism and the Five-Factor Model in the Prediction of Performance in a Leaderless Group Discussion


  • We wish to thank Mandek Aden, Priscilla Cartier, and Labeid Limon for their invaluable assistance in administering the assessment center, serving as assessors and evaluators of group-level performance, and data analysis.


Personality has seen a resurgence in the work performance literature. The Five-Factor Model (FFM) represents a set of personality factors that has received the most attention in recent years. Despite its popularity, the FFM may not be sufficiently comprehensive to account for relevant variation across performance dimensions or tasks. Accordingly, the present study also considers how individualism may predict additional variance in performance beyond the FFM. The study involved 152 undergraduate students who experienced a leaderless group discussion (LGD) exercise. Results showed that while the FFM accounted for variance in students' LGD performance, individualism (independence) accounted for additional, unique variance. Furthermore, analyses of the group compositions revealed curvilinear relationships between the relative amount of extraversion, conscientiousness, and individualism in relation to group-level performance.

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