The author would like to thank Stacy Bomhoff, Heather Hutchens, and Bo Gallimore for their help collecting the data for this study.
Bridging the Idiographic-Nomothetic Divide in Ratings of Self and Others on the Big Five
Article first published online: 23 FEB 2004
Journal of Personality
Volume 72, Issue 2, pages 203–241, April 2004
How to Cite
Grice, J. W. (2004), Bridging the Idiographic-Nomothetic Divide in Ratings of Self and Others on the Big Five. Journal of Personality, 72: 203–241. doi: 10.1111/j.0022-3506.2004.00261.x
- Issue published online: 23 FEB 2004
- Article first published online: 23 FEB 2004
Recent discussions of the idiographic-nomothetic debate were initially reviewed in this paper. Three important issues stemming from this debate were then expounded within the context of Personal Construct Theory and evaluated in an empirical study. Participants were required to rate themselves and people they knew on 25 marker items for the Big Five personality traits and on 12 of their own unique personal constructs. The ratings were analyzed using a number of novel statistical methods, including a simple type of confirmatory factor analysis and an informative graphing procedure. Results indicated that at least half of the statistical information derived from the idiographic, personal construct ratings was unique when compared to ratings on the nomothetic Big Five items. The implications of these methods and results for person-centered and trait conceptualizations of personality were discussed.