Shanette M. Harris, Department of Psychology, University of Rhode Island. Special gratitude is extended to Leona Aiken for her contributions to earlier drafts of the paper. Thanks also to Nina Kajiji and Michael Coviello for statistical consultation and Larry Marks who assisted with data collection for the study.
The Effect of Health Value and Ethnicity on the Relationship Between Hardiness and Health Behaviors
Version of Record online: 23 FEB 2004
Journal of Personality
Volume 72, Issue 2, pages 379–412, April 2004
How to Cite
Harris, S. M. (2004), The Effect of Health Value and Ethnicity on the Relationship Between Hardiness and Health Behaviors. Journal of Personality, 72: 379–412. doi: 10.1111/j.0022-3506.2004.00266.x
- Issue online: 23 FEB 2004
- Version of Record online: 23 FEB 2004
Associations among hardiness, health value, and health protective behaviors were examined as a function of ethnicity among 80 African American and 100 European American college students. The role of health value as moderator versus mediator in the hardiness–health behavior link was explored. Racial differences in correlations among hardiness, control, and commitment were found, with stronger relations for African American than European Americans. Moderate positive relations between hardiness, control, commitment, and health value for African American, as contrasted with weak relations between commitment and health value for European Americans, were also shown. A partial mediational effect for health value with personal distress and moderator effects for health value with personal distress and health habits were found for African American only. Race predicted hardiness variables, tobacco and alcohol use, personal distress, and health habits beyond what was accounted for by occupation and income. The ramifications of these data with regard to future studies on hardiness, health value, and health behaviors for African American are discussed.