David Watson, Eva C. Klohnen, Alex Casillas, Ericka Nus Simms, and Jeffrey Haig, Department of Psychology, University of Iowa. Diane S. Berry, Department of Psychology, Southern Methodist University.
Match Makers and Deal Breakers: Analyses of Assortative Mating in Newlywed Couples
Article first published online: 31 AUG 2004
Journal of Personality
Volume 72, Issue 5, pages 1029–1068, October 2004
How to Cite
Watson, D., Klohnen, E. C., Casillas, A., Nus Simms, E., Haig, J. and Berry, D. S. (2004), Match Makers and Deal Breakers: Analyses of Assortative Mating in Newlywed Couples. Journal of Personality, 72: 1029–1068. doi: 10.1111/j.0022-3506.2004.00289.x
We thank Elizabeth Gray, Daniel Heller, and all of the IMAP staff for their help in the preparation of this manuscript. This research was supported by NIMH Grant # 1-R01-MH61804-01 to Diane Berry.
- Issue published online: 31 AUG 2004
- Article first published online: 31 AUG 2004
Abstract We conducted a comprehensive analysis of assortative mating (i.e., the similarity between wives and husbands on a given characteristic) in a newlywed sample. These newlyweds showed (a) strong similarity in age, religiousness, and political orientation; (b) moderate similarity in education and verbal intelligence; (c) modest similarity in values; and (d) little similarity in matrix reasoning, self- and spouse-rated personality, emotional experience and expression, and attachment. Further analyses established that similarity was not simply due to background variables such as age and education and reflected initial assortment (i.e., similarity at the time of marriage) rather than convergence (i.e., increasing similarity with time). Finally, marital satisfaction primarily was a function of the rater's own traits and showed little relation to spousal similarity.