Received 21 August 1989. Accepted 24 January 1990.
INFLUENCE OF IRRADIANCE ON THE FATTY ACID COMPOSITION OF PHYTOPLANKTON1
Article first published online: 28 OCT 2004
Journal of Phycology
Volume 26, Issue 2, pages 278–288, June 1990
How to Cite
Thompson, P. A., Harrison, P. J. and Whyte, J. N. C. (1990), INFLUENCE OF IRRADIANCE ON THE FATTY ACID COMPOSITION OF PHYTOPLANKTON. Journal of Phycology, 26: 278–288. doi: 10.1111/j.0022-3646.1990.00278.x
The authors wish to acknowledge the valuable assistance of N. Ginther of the Pacific Biological Station, Nanaimo, B.C. and to thank M. E. Levasseur, J. K. Volkman and an anonymous reviewer for suggestions that improved the manuscript. The first author was supported by a G.R.E.A.T. scholarship from the Science Council of B.C.; other funds were provided by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada.
- Issue published online: 28 OCT 2004
- Article first published online: 28 OCT 2004
- chemical composition;
- essential fatty acids;
- fatty acids;
- marine phytoplankton
Eight species of marine phytoplankton commonly used in aquaculture were grown under a range of photon flux densities (PEDs) and analyzed for their fatty acid (FA) composition. Fatty and composition changed considerably at different PFDs although no consistent correlation between the relative proportion of a single FA and μ or chl a · cell−1 was apparent. Within an individual species the percentage of certain fatty acids covaried with PFDs, growth rate and/or chl a · cell−1. The light conditions which produced the greatest proportion of the essential fatty acids was species specific. Eicosapentaenoic acid. 20:5ω3 increased from 6.1% to 15.5% of the total fatty acids of Chaetoceros simplex Ostenfield grown at PFDs which decreased from 225 μE · m−2· s−1 to 6 μE · m−2· s−1, respectively. Most species had their greatest proportion of 20: 5ω3 at low levels of irradiance. Conversely, docosahexaenoic acid, 22:6ω3, decreased from 9.7% to 3.6% of the total fatty acids in Pavlova lutheri Droop as PFD decreased. The percentage of 22:6ω3 generally decreased with decreasing irradiances. In all diatoms the percentage of 16:0 was significantly correlated with PFD, and in three of five diatoms, with growth rate (μ). Results suggest that fatty acid composition is a highly dynamic component of cellular physiology, which responds significantly to variation in PFD.