Received 1 October 1996. Accepted 1 February 1997.
PHYLOGENETIC RELATIONSHIPS OF SELECTED EUGLENOID GENERA BASED ON MORPHOLOGICAL AND MOLECULAR DATA1
Article first published online: 28 JUN 2008
Journal of Phycology
Volume 33, Issue 3, pages 512–519, June 1997
How to Cite
Montegut-Felkner, A. E. and Triemer, R. E. (1997), PHYLOGENETIC RELATIONSHIPS OF SELECTED EUGLENOID GENERA BASED ON MORPHOLOGICAL AND MOLECULAR DATA. Journal of Phycology, 33: 512–519. doi: 10.1111/j.0022-3646.1997.00512.x
- Issue published online: 28 JUN 2008
- Article first published online: 28 JUN 2008
- Key index words: euglenoids;
- molecular phylogeny;
- morphological phylogeny;
- small subunit rRNA
The small subunit rRNA (SSU rRNA) coding regions sequenced from the euglenoids Petalomonas cantuscygni, Peranema trichophorum, and Khawkinea quartana were used to assess the phylogenetic relationships of these genera within the Euglenozoa. Phylogenies derived from distance, parsimony, and maximum likelihood methods infer that the euglenoids and kinetoplastids form sister clades within a monophyletic assemblage. Distances representative of closely related lineages separate the genera within the Kinetoplastida, whereas larger distance values separate genera within the euglenoid assemblage. The results of the morphological and molecular studies suggest that phagotrophy arose early in the euglenozoan lineage with the subsequent acquisition of phototrophy, osmotrophy, and parasitism. Phagotrophic euglenoids with a pellicle composed of longitudinal strips appear to have diverged prior to genera with helically arranged strips. This study suggests that the hypothetical ancestor to the Euglenozoa was a phagotroph with two flagella, both containing paraxonemal rods. Furthermore, its basal bodies contained proximal cartwheels, were connected by a prominent fiber, and were anchored with three asymmetrically arranged flagellar roots.