The authors acknowledge helpful comments and suggestions provided by Shawna Grosskopf, Darius Lakdawalla, JunJie Wu, four anonymous referees, and seminar participants at the University of California-Irvine, Harvard University, Portland State University, Seattle University, and the 2003 American Agricultural Economics Association meeting.
A Spatial Economic Analysis of Urban Land Use and Obesity*
Article first published online: 22 JUL 2005
Journal of Regional Science
Volume 45, Issue 3, pages 473–492, August 2005
How to Cite
Plantinga, A. J. and Bernell, S. (2005), A Spatial Economic Analysis of Urban Land Use and Obesity. Journal of Regional Science, 45: 473–492. doi: 10.1111/j.0022-4146.2005.00380.x
- Issue published online: 22 JUL 2005
- Article first published online: 22 JUL 2005
- Received: December 2003; Revised: July 2004; Accepted: September 2004.
Abstract. We analyze an urban spatial model to examine the possible link between urban land use and obesity. Households maximize utility defined over housing, weight, and food subject to a fixed time budget allocated to commuting, calorie expenditure, and work. Our model explains the observed correspondence between high obesity rates and low development densities, but implies that these are determined endogenously in a spatial market equilibrium. We study the sorting of residents by attributes such as income, initial weight, and weight preferences, and examine the impacts on weight and density of urban design modifications that lower the costs of calorie expenditure.