This research was supported by NIMH Grant MH 48721 to Samuel L. Gaertner and John F. Dovidio and by a Fellowship to the Institute For Advanced Study from the University of Delaware to Samuel L. Gaertner. We gratefully acknowledge the contributions of Kathie Stamm, and the members of the NCCJ Green Circle staff who helped make this research possible including: Beth Benson, Mary Browne, Mary Ann Dilworth, Lora Engleheart, and Evelyn Lobel.
Developing a More Inclusive Social Identity: An Elementary School Intervention
Article first published online: 11 FEB 2004
Journal of Social Issues
Volume 60, Issue 1, pages 35–55, April 2004
How to Cite
Houlette, M. A., Gaertner, S. L., Johnson, K. M., Banker, B. S., Riek, B. M. and Dovidio, J. F. (2004), Developing a More Inclusive Social Identity: An Elementary School Intervention. Journal of Social Issues, 60: 35–55. doi: 10.1111/j.0022-4537.2004.00098.x
- Issue published online: 11 FEB 2004
- Article first published online: 11 FEB 2004
School integration, stimulated by the 1954 Brown v. Board of Educationdecision, has influenced students' social and educational experiences. Drawing on practice and theory, we focus on strategies for improving intergroup relations. In a series of sessions over four-weeks, 830 first and second grade children participated in Green Circle program activities designed to widen their circles of inclusion to include people who are different from themselves. Although the intervention did not influence children's biases in sharing or how happy they would be playing with others who were different from themselves based on race, sex, and weight, it did lead them to be more inclusive in selecting their most preferred playmate. Implications for friendship development and improvement in intergroup attitudes are considered.