This study is based on a larger research project invited and supported by the Abraham Fund, that supports a large part of the coexistence activities in Israel. I thank the Abraham Fund for the generous support that enabled this study. I thank Rona Refaeli, Summer Jaber, and Keren Wasserman for their help in conducting this study. I thank, also, the Solomon Asch Center for Study of Ethnopolitical Conflict, at the University of Pennsylvania, and especially Dr. Roy Eidelson and Dr. Clark McCauley for the sabbatical support, advice and encouragement while preparing the final drafts of this article.
Coexistence Is in the Eye of the Beholder: Evaluating Intergroup Encounter Interventions Between Jews and Arabs in Israel
Article first published online: 10 MAY 2004
Journal of Social Issues
Volume 60, Issue 2, pages 437–452, June 2004
How to Cite
Maoz, I. (2004), Coexistence Is in the Eye of the Beholder: Evaluating Intergroup Encounter Interventions Between Jews and Arabs in Israel. Journal of Social Issues, 60: 437–452. doi: 10.1111/j.0022-4537.2004.00119.x
- Issue published online: 10 MAY 2004
- Article first published online: 10 MAY 2004
This article presents a paradigm of process evaluation of intergroup contact interventions that has two objectives: (a) to classify intergroup encounters by their ideology and (b) to define and apply criteria that evaluate the quality of intergroup interaction, focusing on symmetry between members of both groups in active participation in the encounter. This paradigm was applied to evaluate 47 encounters programs between Israeli Jews and Israeli Arabs that were classified into two major approaches—those that emphasize coexistence and similarities between the sides and those that emphasize conflict and confrontation. Equality in participation of Jewish and Arab participants was found in the vast majority (89%) of programs. However, symmetry between Jewish and Arab facilitators varied and was higher in programs including confrontational elements.