Processes of Change in Work/Home Incompatibilities: Employed Mothers 1986–1999


*Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Linda Beth Tiedje, B601 West Fee Hall, Michigan State University, College of Human Medicine, Department of Epidemiology, East Lansing, MI 48824 [e-mail:].


This study examined multi-level change processes occurring in the lives of employed mothers in response to work and family incompatibilities. Data were collected from 158 professional women in seven waves of data spanning 13 years. The data were subjected to qualitative analysis following Colaizzi's (1978) method. Seven themes emerged: (a) individual mutabilities, (b) James Baldwin's paradox, (c) time enough (d) coping, (e) incremental change, (f) new occasions teach new duties, and (g) strength from others.