This paper is part of a larger study on the interrelationships between migration and development in Third World settings, being carried out through Grant SES-8024565 of the National Science Foundation. That support is appreciated.
STRUCTURAL TENSION, MIGRATION, AND DEVELOPMENT: A CASE STUDY OF VENEZUELA*
Article first published online: 23 FEB 2005
The Professional Geographer
Volume 39, Issue 2, pages 179–188, May 1987
How to Cite
Lawson, V. A. and Brown, L. A. (1987), STRUCTURAL TENSION, MIGRATION, AND DEVELOPMENT: A CASE STUDY OF VENEZUELA. The Professional Geographer, 39: 179–188. doi: 10.1111/j.0033-0124.1987.00179.x
- Issue published online: 23 FEB 2005
- Article first published online: 23 FEB 2005
- structural tension;
Mismatch of labor demand and supply, resulting from economic growth, is referred to here as structural tension. Spatial variations in structural tension are identified for Venezuelan states in 1971. Positive tension, indicating overutilization of human resources, prevails in urban areas. By contrast, rural locales exhibit underutilization due to rapid labor force growth without parallel increases in employment opportunities. Influence of structural tension, coupled with other migration determinants, upon destination choice by economically active immigrants is explored. Structural tension emerges as strongly significant for the total sample, displacing wages from the model. This is consistent with our contention that wages are a less precise indicator of labor supply and demand.