Research support was provided to K. Medley through an AAG Research Grant and a postdoctoral appointment at the Institute of Ecosystem Studies. We thank T. Klak, E. McCann, R. V. Pouyat, C. Young, D. Lord, D. Hodge, and two anonymous reviewers for comments on earlier drafts. This paper is a contribution to the program for the Institute of Ecosystem Studies.
Forest-Landscape Structure along an Urban-To-Rural Gradient*
Article first published online: 28 JUN 2008
The Professional Geographer
Volume 47, Issue 2, pages 159–168, May 1995
How to Cite
Medley, K. E., McDonnell, M. J. and Pickett, S. T. A. (1995), Forest-Landscape Structure along an Urban-To-Rural Gradient. The Professional Geographer, 47: 159–168. doi: 10.1111/j.0033-0124.1995.00159.x
- Issue published online: 28 JUN 2008
- Article first published online: 28 JUN 2008
- Initial submission, March 1994; revised submission, July 1994; final acceptance, October 1994.
- forest ecology;
- landscape analyses;
- New York City;
Human activities and forest-landscape structure are examined along a belt transect that extends 140 km from New York City to northwestern Connecticut. The study quantifies urban structures (population density, land use. transportation) and processes (population growth, urban land development) in the transect, and tests for relationships with the distribution, sizes, and shapes of forests. Our results identify distinct characteristics of urban and suburban environments based on the landscape structure of native forest vegetation. These findings are applicable to the management of natural areas along a gradient of urbanization.