*Camille Charles agrees to share all data and coding information with those wishing to replicate the study. The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation and the Atlantic Philanthropies for their support of the National Longitudinal Survey of Freshmen.
The Continuing Consequences of Segregation: Family Stress and College Academic Performance*
Version of Record online: 21 DEC 2004
Social Science Quarterly
Volume 85, Issue 5, pages 1353–1373, December 2004
How to Cite
Charles, C. Z., Dinwiddie, G. and Massey, D. S. (2004), The Continuing Consequences of Segregation: Family Stress and College Academic Performance. Social Science Quarterly, 85: 1353–1373. doi: 10.1111/j.0038-4941.2004.00280.x
- Issue online: 21 DEC 2004
- Version of Record online: 21 DEC 2004
Objectives. We seek to determine whether the high levels of African-American residential segregation experienced have continuing academic consequences. Because segregation works to concentrate poverty and the social problems associated with it, the friends and relatives of African-American students face an elevated risk of stressful life events, which undermine grade performance.
Methods. We use data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Freshmen to measure the frequency with which members of students' social networks experienced stressful events during their freshman and sophomore years of college, comparing whites, Asians, Latinos, and African Americans from integrated neighborhoods with those coming from segregated neighborhoods.
Results. African-American students from segregated neighborhoods experience higher levels of family stress than others. This stress is largely a function of violence and disorder in segregated neighborhoods. Students respond by devoting more time to family issues and their health and grades suffer as a result.
Conclusions. Racial segregation is a structural feature of U.S. society that has continuing power to undermine the academic achievement of students long after they have seemingly left segregated living behind.