*Direct correspondence to Sigal Alon, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Ramat Aviv, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel 〈firstname.lastname@example.org〉. Sigal Alon will share all data and coding information with those wishing to replicate the study. This research was supported by grants from the National Science Foundation (SBR-9601995) and the W.T. Grant Foundation to Princeton University. The authors gratefully acknowledge the Princeton University Office of Population Research and the Department of Sociology for generous institutional support.
Job Mobility and Early Career Wage Growth of White, African-American, and Hispanic Women*
Article first published online: 11 NOV 2005
Social Science Quarterly
Volume 86, Issue Supplement s1, pages 1196–1217, December 2005
How to Cite
Alon, S. and Tienda, M. (2005), Job Mobility and Early Career Wage Growth of White, African-American, and Hispanic Women. Social Science Quarterly, 86: 1196–1217. doi: 10.1111/j.0038-4941.2005.00342.x
- Issue published online: 11 NOV 2005
- Article first published online: 11 NOV 2005
Objective. This article examines whether and how young women's job mobility influences racial and ethnic wage-growth differentials during the first eight years after leaving school.
Methods. We use the NLSY-79 Work History File to simulate the influence of job mobility on the wages of skilled and unskilled workers.
Results. African-American and Hispanic women average less job mobility than white women, especially if they did not attend college. Unskilled women who experience frequent job changes during the first four postschool years reap positive wage returns, but turnover beyond the shopping period incurs wage penalties. Job mobility does not appear to boost wage growth for college-educated women.
Conclusions. Among unskilled women, race and ethnic wage disparities partly derive from group differences in the frequency of job changes, but unequal returns to job mobility drive the wage gaps for skilled women. We discuss several explanations for these disparities.