Objective. To improve on the existing research on earnings differentials between visible minority immigrants and the native-born, and on the role of discrimination in producing that difference. To do this we introduce into the analysis: (1) access to training and (2) training effects on earnings growth.
Method. Using a panel data set containing information on training we test cross-sectional models of access to training, cross-sectional models of wage determination, and panel models of wage growth.
Results. Visible minority immigrants are disadvantaged in both access to training and earnings; education reduces the disadvantage; and they do better than the other two groups in wage growth.
Conclusions. Some results are consistent with a discrimination interpretation but, considered together, the complete sets of results are difficult to reconcile with any relatively straightforward discrimination account.