*Direct correspondence to Xiaoling Shu, Department of Sociology, University of California–Davis, One Shields Ave., Davis, CA 95616 〈firstname.lastname@example.org〉. The data used in this study are publicly available to researchers interested in gender segregation in urban China. The author thanks two SSQ anonymous referees for their helpful comments. This research was partially supported by a Faculty Research Grant, Academic Senate, University of California–Davis.
Market Transition and Gender Segregation in Urban China*
Version of Record online: 11 NOV 2005
Social Science Quarterly
Volume 86, Issue Supplement s1, pages 1299–1323, December 2005
How to Cite
Shu, X. (2005), Market Transition and Gender Segregation in Urban China. Social Science Quarterly, 86: 1299–1323. doi: 10.1111/j.0038-4941.2005.00347.x
- Issue online: 11 NOV 2005
- Version of Record online: 11 NOV 2005
Objectives. This article analyzes the impact of the new form of economic segmentation, which emerged in urban China during the market transition, on gender segregation and earnings differentials.
Methods. I compare both over-time and across-city change in gender segregation, and use a series of multi-level cross-classified models based on data at three levels: a 1995 national sample of individual workers, industry-sector data for 1990 and 1995, and city-level data for 1995.
Results. Gender segregation by ownership sector has declined over time now that the state sector has become differentiated and its relative economic advantages wanes. Both earnings differentiation and gender segregation among industries have increased with marketization. In the most marketized cities, the earnings of workers of both sexes in jobs with high rates of female entry are penalized, indicating that marketization exacerbated the negative effect of job feminization on earnings.
Conclusions. These findings lend support for the “queuing” perspective that a decline in jobs' relative wages leads to feminization. The making of the Chinese market economy has created a new set of institutional arrangements, which includes that between job feminization and wages.