Portions of these data were presented at the 2002 Annual Meeting of the Society of Behavioral Medicine, Washington, DC.
Cardiovascular reactivity and family history of hypertension: A meta-analysis
Article first published online: 10 FEB 2005
Volume 42, Issue 1, pages 125–131, January 2005
How to Cite
Pierce, T. W., Grim, R. D. and King, J. S. (2005), Cardiovascular reactivity and family history of hypertension: A meta-analysis. Psychophysiology, 42: 125–131. doi: 10.1111/j.0048-5772.2005.267.x
- Issue published online: 10 FEB 2005
- Article first published online: 10 FEB 2005
- (Received May 11, 2004; Accepted October 13, 2004)
- Family history of hypertension;
- Cardiovascular reactivity;
A regression-based meta-analysis examined the degree to which the effects of a family history of hypertension on cardiovascular reactivity are moderated by the magnitude of cardiovascular responses elicited in challenge/task conditions. Mean change scores for negative family history groups were regressed on mean change scores for positive family history groups. The slopes of separate regression lines obtained for systolic and diastolic blood pressure and heart rate were significantly less than 1.0 and the y-intercepts for these regression lines were significantly greater than zero. This pattern indicates that family history differences in cardiovascular reactivity to stress are greatest in situations that elicit the smallest baseline-stressor change scores in non-family-history groups.