I thank the editors, Kim Quaile Hill and Jan Leighley and three anonymous referees for many helpful comments and advice. I also thank Rafael Di Tella, Jurgen von Hagen, Branko Milanovic, and Andrew Oswald, as well as seminar participants at the University of Bonn, Cambridge University, and European University Institute, Florence.
The Impact of Income on the Taste for Revolt
Article first published online: 7 SEP 2004
American Journal of Political Science
Volume 48, Issue 4, pages 830–848, October 2004
How to Cite
MacCulloch, R. (2004), The Impact of Income on the Taste for Revolt. American Journal of Political Science, 48: 830–848. doi: 10.1111/j.0092-5853.2004.00104.x
- Issue published online: 7 SEP 2004
- Article first published online: 7 SEP 2004
The question of how the level of development affects revolutionary support in society is of fundamental importance. One approach to provide an answer has been to study the relationship between actual civil conflict and income at the national level. This article takes a different approach. It uses microdata sets based on surveys of revolutionary support across one-quarter of a million people and identifies how the responses vary with their incomes. We find that a rise in GDP of $US 1,600 per capita in 2001 values decreases the chances of supporting revolt by 2.4 percentage points which represents a 41% drop in the proportion of people wanting a revolution. For a person who jumps from the bottom to top income quartile within their country, the probability declines by a similar amount. The results are robust to controlling for country and year effects, country-specific time trends and take account of the potential endogeneity of GDP.