Content of oak moss allergens atranol and chloroatranol in perfumes and similar products

Authors


Suresh Chandra Rastogi
Department of Atmospheric Environment
National Environmental Research Institute
PO Box 358
DK-4000 Roskilde
Denmark
Tel: +45 46 301200
Fax: +45 46 301114
e-mail: scr@dmu.dk

Abstract

Chloroatranol and atranol have been identified as the main allergens in the fragrance material of botanical origin, oak moss absolute. A previous study has shown that nearly all individuals sensitized to chloroatranol will elicit to 5 μg/ml. in a repeated open application test and that 50% will get a reaction to 0.15 µg/ml under patch test conditions. Thus, chloroatranol is known as a potent allergen. The aim of the current investigation was to quantify exposure to chloroatranol and the chemically related substance atranol in some popular perfumes, eaux de parfum and eaux de toilette available on the European market. In total, 31 products were analysed by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandemmass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS-MS) for their contents of atranol and chloroatranol. The 2 substances were found in 87% (n = 27) of the products. The median concentration of atranol in perfumes was 0.502 µg/ml and 0.012 µg/ml in eaux de toilette, and 0.235 µg/ml and 0.006 µg/ml for chloroatranol, respectively, in perfumes and eaux de toilette. Chloroatranol was found at a maximum concentration of 53 µg/ml and atranol at one of 190 µg/ml. The wide exposure to oak moss allergens, together with significant amounts of these potent allergens in at least half of perfumes and some eaux de toilettes explains the high frequencies of oak moss absolute allergy. It is suggested that regulations should be introduced aimed directly at these substances, and not just at oak moss absolute.

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