Get access

7 cases of hydrofluoric acid burn in which calcium gluconate was effective for relief of severe pain

Authors

  • Utako Ohata,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Dermatology, Nihon University School of Medicine, 30-1 Oyaguchi-kamimachi, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 173-0032, Japan
      Utako Ohata
      Department of Dermatology
      Nihon University School of Medicine
      30-1 Oyaguchi-kamimachi
      Itabashi-ku
      Tokyo 173-0032
      Japan
      Tel: +81 03 3972 8111x2502
      Fax: +81 03 5995 9841
      e-mail: utaken@nifty.com
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Hiroyuki Hara,

    1. Department of Dermatology, Nihon University School of Medicine, 30-1 Oyaguchi-kamimachi, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 173-0032, Japan
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Hiroyuki Suzuki

    1. Department of Dermatology, Nihon University School of Medicine, 30-1 Oyaguchi-kamimachi, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo 173-0032, Japan
    Search for more papers by this author

Utako Ohata
Department of Dermatology
Nihon University School of Medicine
30-1 Oyaguchi-kamimachi
Itabashi-ku
Tokyo 173-0032
Japan
Tel: +81 03 3972 8111x2502
Fax: +81 03 5995 9841
e-mail: utaken@nifty.com

Abstract

We report 7 cases of chemical burns due to hydrofluoric acid (HF). The patients suffered from severe pain. However, the pain was relieved after treatment with calcium gluconate. 6 out of the 7 cases were men. At the accidental exposures, all the patients had been engaged in washing or cleaning work and received burns on their hands and/or fingers. In one case, the forearm was also involved. During such work, all the patients had used rubber gloves, but the gloves had pinholes. For the treatments, 4% calcium gluconate jelly was applied in 5 cases and 4 of 7 were subcutaneously injected with 8.5% calcium gluconate. The involved nails were removed in 5 cases. It is concluded that physicians should provide calcium gluconate jelly and subcutaneous injections to treat an HF burn and should not hesitate to remove the involved nails. To prevent chemical burn due to HF, education and reeducation of workers regarding the hazard of this chemical are necessary.

Get access to the full text of this article

Ancillary