Exposing and explaining patterns in presidential history will indicate that outcomes are not entirely open-ended, but it is a long way from there to a claim that everything of significance is determined. It is arguable that studies of presidential leadership have been far more attentive to contingencies than to regularities and that there is more to be gained at present from closer attention to those features of our politics that structure the latter. The goal, however, remains a more balanced assessment of the play of structure and agent. The Politics Presidents Make sought to illuminate and explain hitherto unattended patterns in national political leadership, but it did not foreclose the significance of individual efforts, and in many particulars, it invited closer attention to the leader's formative role.