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Granular cell atypical fibroxanthoma


Daniel J. Santa Cruz, MD, Cutaneous Pathology, WPC Laboratories, Inc., 2326 Millpark Dr, Maryland Heights, MO 63043-3530, USA
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Abstract:  We report on two patients with granular cell atypical fibroxanthoma. Both neoplasms were solitary, light-tan, dome-shaped papules on sun-exposed areas of the head in two elderly white men. Microscopically, these neoplasms showed a dermal proliferation of pleomorphic granular cells with irregular hyperchromatic nuclei, multinucleated cells, and scattered mitoses. Immunohistochemical stains were positive for CD68 and vimentin and negative for Melan-A or human melanoma black (HMB)-45, S-100 protein, pancytokeratin, and actin, consistent with atypical fibroxanthoma. The differential diagnosis of granular cells in neoplasms containing cytological pleomorphism is challenging in view of the many different neoplasms that may present with granular cytoplasm. These include the conventional granular cell tumor and its malignant form, leiomyoma, leiomyosarcoma, dermatofibroma, dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, and angiosarcoma.