AUTHOR'S NOTE: The authors are listed alphabetically and wish to acknowledge the support of the University Committee on Research at the University of Nebraska at Omahaand the assistance of the staff in the Public Records Division of the Federal Election Commission. The authors also wish to thank those individuals who reviewed earlier drafts related to this research. Any errors and omissions are the sole responsibility of the authors.
The Money Primary: What Influences the Outcome of Pre-Primary Presidential Nomination Fundraising?
Version of Record online: 21 APR 2004
Presidential Studies Quarterly
Volume 32, Issue 2, pages 256–275, June 2002
How to Cite
Adkins, R. E. and Dowdle, A. J. (2002), The Money Primary: What Influences the Outcome of Pre-Primary Presidential Nomination Fundraising?. Presidential Studies Quarterly, 32: 256–275. doi: 10.1111/j.0360-4918.2002.00220.x
- Issue online: 21 APR 2004
- Version of Record online: 21 APR 2004
- Cited By
Since 1980, the positive influence of candidate performance and campaign organization explains much of the variation in fundraising during the pre-primary season. Candidate performance is measured by national poll results, change in candidate viability, and length of candidacy. Campaign organization includes the amount of money the candidate's campaign spent on fundraising, size of the candidate's electoral constituency, and whether the candidate self-financed his campaign. Using three ordinary least square recession models (for Democrats, Republicans, and combined), the authors examine the effects of these variables on pre-primary fundraising from 1980 to 2000 where the incumbent president did not sit for reelection. In the combined model national poll results, change in candidate viability, fundraising expenditures, and self-financing significantly affect fundraising during the money primary. Partisan models suggest that while Republicans benefit more from earlier national poll results, Democrats profit from changes in viability during the course of the pre-primary season.