Giorgio Agamben and the new biopolitical nomos
Article first published online: 6 DEC 2006
Geografiska Annaler: Series B, Human Geography
Volume 88, Issue 4, pages 387–403, December 2006
How to Cite
Minca, C. (2006), Giorgio Agamben and the new biopolitical nomos. Geografiska Annaler: Series B, Human Geography, 88: 387–403. doi: 10.1111/j.0435-3684.2006.00229.x
- Issue published online: 6 DEC 2006
- Article first published online: 6 DEC 2006
- history of geography;
In this paper I reflect on the progressive normalization of a series of geographies of exception within Western democracies and, in particular, the relation of these to the new biopolitical power that is progressively affirming itself in our everyday lives — and that appears to be imposing itself as the new, secret, ontology of the political.
I do so by engaging with the work of Giorgio Agamben and, specifically, interrogating the spatial architecture that underpins his theory of sovereign power.
Starting from Agamben's spatial conceptualizations, I explore his attempt to trace the contours and the secret coordinates of the contemporary biopolitical nomos, a nomos rooted firmly in the crisis and progressive demolition of that which Carl Schmitt described as the ius publicum Europaeum. I note, moreover, how the definitive dissolution of the geographical nomos that had dominated the two centuries preceding the First World War, and the lack of a new, alternative, geographical nomos in the century which followed, can also be grasped by critically rereading some key episodes in the history of European geography; in particular, the contested legacy of the work of Friedrich Ratzel's grand geographical project and the Geopolitik experiment.
What I suggest is that to understand the deep nature of the geographies of exception that arm the global war on terror, it is vital that we think in terms of a theory of space in order to try to unveil the Arcanum, the secret enigma of the empty centre around which turn the wheels of a new, macabre, geo-biopolitical machine.