Linda Olson Keller is Coordinator, Center for Public Health Nursing, Office of Public Health Practice, Minnesota Department of Health, St. Paul, Minnesota. Susan Strohschein is Consultant, Center for Public Health Nursing, Office of Public Health Practice, Minnesota Department of Health, St. Paul, Minnesota. Betty Lia-Hoagberg is Associate Professor, School of Nursing, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota. Marjorie A. Schaffer is Professor, Department of Nursing, Bethel College, St. Paul, Minnesota.
Population-Based Public Health Interventions: Practice-Based and Evidence-Supported. Part I
Article first published online: 8 SEP 2004
Public Health Nursing
Volume 21, Issue 5, pages 453–468, September 2004
How to Cite
Keller, L. O., Strohschein, S., Lia-Hoagberg, B. and Schaffer, M. A. (2004), Population-Based Public Health Interventions: Practice-Based and Evidence-Supported. Part I. Public Health Nursing, 21: 453–468. doi: 10.1111/j.0737-1209.2004.21509.x
- Issue published online: 8 SEP 2004
- Article first published online: 8 SEP 2004
- population-based practice;
- public health interventions
Abstract The Intervention Wheel is a population-based practice model that encompasses three levels of practice (community, systems, and individual/family) and 17 public health interventions. Each intervention and practice level contributes to improving population health. The Intervention Wheel, previously known as the Public Health Intervention Model, was originally introduced in 1998 by the Minnesota Department of Health, Section of Public Health Nursing. The model has been widely disseminated and used throughout the United States since that time. The evidence supporting the Intervention Wheel was recently subjected to a rigorous critique by regional and national experts. This critical process, which involved hundreds of public health nurses, resulted in a more robust Intervention Wheel and established the validity of the model. The critique also produced basic steps and best practices for each of the 17 interventions. Part I describes the Intervention Wheel, defines population-based practice, and details the recommended modifications and validation process. Part II provides examples of the innovative ways that the Intervention Wheel is being used in public health/public health nursing practice, education, and administration. The two articles provide a foundation and vision for population-based public health nursing practice and direction for improving population health.