Deregulation of cyclin D2 by juxtaposition with T-cell receptor alpha/delta locus in t(12;14)(p13;q11)-positive childhood T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia


Kristina Karrman, Department of Clinical Genetics, University Hospital, SE-221 85 Lund, Sweden
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Abstract: Objectives: The t(12;14)(p13;q11) – a recurrent translocation in childhood T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) – has very recently been molecularly characterized in one case, which displayed overexpression of the cyclin D2 gene (CCND2). Patients and methods: We have characterized two pediatric t(12;14)-positive T-ALLs using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), cDNA microarray, and real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Results: FISH revealed breakpoints (BPs) in the T-cell receptor alpha/delta locus (14q11) and in the vicinity of the CCND2 gene at 12p13. To investigate the expression of genes in 12p13, cDNA microarray analysis was performed. Expression data for eight genes, including CCND2, surrounding the 12p BP were compared with those in other T-ALLs. The t(12;14)-positive T-ALL displayed an increased expression of CCND2 compared to the controls, whereas the expression of the other genes was similar in all T-ALLs. Expression of CCND2 and two additional genes (PARP11 and FGF23), close to the 12p BP, was investigated with real-time PCR of the two t(12;14)-positive cases and four controls. Neither PARP11 nor FGF23 displayed expression differences among the T-ALLs, whereas CCND2 was clearly overexpressed in both t(12;14)-positive cases as compared to the mean expression level in the controls. Conclusion: We have confirmed, in two additional cases, that the recurrent T-ALL-associated t(12;14) results in overexpression of cyclin D2. The t(12;14) is the first neoplasia-associated translocation shown to result in overexpression of cyclin D2. Furthermore, it is the first example of a T-cell neoplasm with a targeted deregulation of a member of a cyclin-encoding gene family.