SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Breiman, L. et al. 1984. Classification and regression trees. Chapman and Hall.
  • Brooks, J. L.. 1950. Speciation in ancient lakes. Quart. Rev. Biol. 25: 30176.
  • Brown, J. H.. 1988. Species diversity. – In: Myers, A. A. and Giller, P. S. (eds), Analytical biogeography. An integrated approach to the study of animal and plant distributions. Chapman and Hall, pp. 5789.
  • Chown, S. L. et al. 2003. Energy, species richness, and human population size: conservation implications at a national scale. Ecol. Appl. 13: 12331241.
  • Cowling, R. M. and Hilton-Taylor, C.. 1992. Patterns of plant diversity and endemism is southern Africa: an overview. Strelitzia 1: 3152.
  • Cowling, R. M. and Holmes, P. M.. 1992. Endemism and speciation in a low-land flora from the Cape Floristic Region. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 47: 367383.
  • Cowling, R. M. and Lombard, A. T.. 2002. Heterogeneity, speciation/extinction history and climate: explaining regional plant diversity patterns in the Cape Floristic Region. Div. Distrib. 8: 163179.
  • Cowling, R. M. and Proches, S.. 2005. Patterns and evolution of plant diversity in the Cape Floristic Region. Biol. Skrifter 55: 273288.
  • Cowling, R. M. et al. 1989. Patterns of plant species diversity in southern Africa. – In: Huntley, B. J. (ed.), Biotic diversity in southern Africa. Concepts and Qbnservation. Oxford Univ. Press, pp. 1950.
  • Cowling, R. M. et al. 1994. Plant functional diversity, species diversity and climate in arid and semi-arid southern Africa. J. Arid Environ. 27: 141158.
  • Cowling, R. M. et al. 1997a. Vegetation of southern Africa. Cambridge Univ. Press.
  • Cowling, R. M. et al. 1997b. Species diversity at the regional scale. – In: Cowling, R. M. et al (eds), Vegetation of southern Africa. Cambridge Univ. Press, pp. 447467.
  • Cowling, R. M. et al. 1998. Extraordinarily high regional-scale plant diversity in southern African arid lands: subcontinental and global comparisons. Div. Distrib. 4: 2736.
  • Cowling, R. M. et al. 2004. Climate stability in mediterranean-type ecosystems: implications for the evolution and conservation of biodiversity. – In: Arianoutsou, M. (ed.), Proc. 10' MEDECOS – International Conference on Ecology, Conservation and Management of Mediterranean Climate Ecosystems. Millpress, pp. 111.
  • Currie, D. J.. 1991. Energy and large-scale patterns of animal- and plant-species richness. Am. Nat. 137: 2749.
  • Currie, D. J. and Paquin, V.. 1987. Large-scale biogeographical patterns of species richness of trees. Nature 329: 326327.
  • Currie, D. J. et al. 2004. Predictions and tests of climate-based hypotheses of broad-scale variation in taxonomic richness. Ecol. Lett. 7: 11211134.
  • Dynesius, M. et al. 2004. Intercontinental similarities in riparian-plant diversity and sensitivity to river regulation. Ecol. Appl. 14: 173191.
  • Elith, J. et al. 2005. The evaluation strip: a new and robust method for plotting predicted responses from species distribution models. Ecol. Modell. 186: 280289.
  • Elith, J. et al. 2006. Novel methods improve predictions of species’ distributions from occurrence data. Ecography 29: 129151.
  • Field, R. et al. 2005. Global models for predicting woody plant richness from climate: development and evaluation. Ecology 86: 22632277.
  • Fjeldsa, J. and Lovett, J. C.. 1997. Biodiversity and environmental stability. Biodiv. Conserv. 6: 315323.
  • Francis, A. P. and Currie, D. J.. 1998. Global patterns of tree species richness in moist forests: another look. Oikos 81: 598602.
  • Friedman, J. H.. 2001. Greedy function approximation: a gradient boosting machine. Ann. Stat. 29: 11891232.
  • Friedman, J. H. et al. 2000. Additive logistic regression: a statistical view of boosting. Ann. Stat. 28: 337374.
  • Gaston, K. J.. 2000. Global patterns of biodiversity. Nature 405: 220227.
  • Germishuizen, G. and Meyer, N. L.. 2003. Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 11231.
  • Gibbs Russel, G. E. et al. 1984. Intensity of plant collecting in southern Africa. Bothalia 15: 131138.
  • Goldblatt, P.. 1978. An analysis of the flora of southern Africa: its characteristics, relationships and origins. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 65: 369436.
  • Guisan, A. and Thuiller, W.. 2005. Predicting species distribution: offering more than simple habitat models. Ecol. Lett. 8: 9931009.
  • Hastie, T. J. et al. 2001. The elements of statistical learning: data mining, inference, and prediction. Springer.
  • Henderson, L.. 1998. Southern African plant invaders atlas (SAPIA). Appl. Plant Sci. 12: 3132.
  • Henderson, L.. 1999. The southern African plant invaders atlas (SAPIA) and its contribution to biological weed control. Afr. Entomol. 1: 159163.
  • Henderson, L.. 2001. Alien weed and invasive plants. Agricultural Research Council of South Africa.
  • Hickler, T. et al. 2004. Using a generalized vegetation model to simulate vegetation dynamics in northeastern USA. Ecology 85: 519530.
  • Hoffman, M. T. et al. 1994. Plant richness is negatively related to energy availability in semi-arid southern Africa. Biodiv. Lett. 2: 3538.
  • Hubbell, S. P.. 2001. A unified neutral theory of biodiversity and biogeography. Princeton Univ.Press.
  • Hutchinson, G. E.. 1959. Homage to Santa Rosalia, or why are there so many kinds of animals?. Am. Nat. 93: 145159.
  • Ihaca, R. and Gentleman, R.. 1996. R: a language for data analysis and graphics. J. Comp. Graph. Stat. 5: 299314.
  • Klak, C. et al. 2004. Unmatched tempo of evolution in southern African semi-desert ice plants. Nature 427: 6365.
  • Konvicka, M. et al. 2006. Butterfly extinctions in European states: do socioeconomic conditions matter more than physical geography?. Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 15: 8292.
  • Leathwick, J. R. et al. 2006. Variation in demersal fish species richness in the oceans surroundings New Zealand: an analysis using boosted regression trees. Marl. Ecol. Prog. Ser. in press.
  • Linder, H. P.. 1991. Environmental correlates of patterns of species richness in the south-western Cape Province of South Africa. J. Biogeogr. 18: 509518.
  • Linder, H. P.. 2003. The radiation of the Cape flora. Biol. Rev. 78: 597638.
  • Lonsdale, W. M.. 1999. Global patterns of plant invasions and the concept of invasibility. Ecology 80: 15221536.
  • Matthews, W. S. et al. 1993. Endemic flora of the north-eastern Transvaal Escarpment South Africa. Biol. Conserv. 63: 8394.
  • Midgley, G. F. et al. 2001. Have Pleistocene climatic cycles influenced species richness patterns in the Greater Cape Mediterranean Region?. J. Mediterranean Ecol. 2: 137144.
  • Mucina, L. and Rutherford, M. C.. 2005. Vegetation map of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. National Botanical Inst.
  • O'Brien, E. M.. 1993. Climatic gradients in woody plant species richness: toward an explanation based on an analysis of Southern Africa's woody flora. J. Biogeogr. 20: 181198.
  • O'Brien, E. M.. 1998. Water-energy dynamics, climate, and prediction of woody plant species richness: an interim general model. J. Biogeogr. 25: 379398.
  • Partridge, T. C.. 1997. Evolution of landscapes. – In: Cowling, R. M. et al (eds), Vegetation of southern Africa. Cambridge Univ. Press, pp. 520.
  • Pausas, J. G. and Austin, M. P.. 2001. Patterns of plant species richness in relation to different environments: an appraisal. J. Veg. Sci. 12: 153166.
  • Poethke, H. et al. 2003. Local extinction and the evolution of dispersal rates: causes and correlations. Am. Nat. 161: 631640.
  • Richardson, D. M. et al. 2000. Naturalization and invasion of alien plants: concepts and definitions. Div. Distrib. 6: 93107.
    Direct Link:
  • Richardson, D. M. et al. 2005. Species richness of alien plants in South Africa: environmental correlates and the relationship with native plant species richness. Ecoscience 12: 391402.
  • Richerson, P. J. and Lum, K.. 1980. Patterns of plant species diversity in California: relation to weather and topography. Am. Nat. 116: 504536.
  • Ricklefs, R. E.. 2000. The relationship between local and regional species richness in birds of the Caribbean basin. J. Anim. Ecol. 69: 11111116.
  • Ricklefs, R. E.. 2004. A comprehensive framework for global patterns in biodiversity. Ecol. Lett. 7: 115.
  • Ricklefs, R. E. et al. 2004. The region effect on mesoscale plant species richness between eastern Asia and eastern North America. Ecography 27: 129136.
  • Ridgeway, G.. 1999. The state of boosting. Comput. Sci. Stat. 31: 172181.
  • Rosenzweig, M. L.. 1995. Species diversity in space and time. Cambridge Univ. Press.
  • Rouget, M. and Richardson, D. M.. 2003. Inferring process from pattern in plant invasions: a semimechanistic model incorporating propagule pressure and environmental factors. Am. Nat. 162: 713724.
  • Rouget, M. et al. 2004. Mapping the potential ranges of major plant invaders in South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland using climatic suitability. Div. Distrib. 10: 475484.
  • Rutherford, M. C. and Westfall, R. H.. 1994. Biomes of southern Africa f an objective categorization. Mem. Bot. Surv. South Africs 63: 194.
  • Schulze, R. E.. 1997. South African atlas of Agrohydrology and Climatology. Water Research Commission.
  • Scott, L. et al. 1997. Vegetation history. – In: Cowling, R. M. et al (eds), Vegetation of southern Africa. Cambridge Univ. Press, pp. 6284.
  • Stohlgren, T. J. et al. 2003. The rich get richer: patterns of plant invasions in the United States. Front. Ecol. Environ. 1: 1114.
  • Storch, D. et al. 2005. The species-area-energy relationship. Ecol. Lett. 8: 487492.
  • Thuiller, W.. 2004. Patterns and uncertainties of species’ range shifts under climate change. Global Change Biol. 10: 20202027.
  • Thuiller, W. et al. 2003. Large-scale environmental correlates of forest tree distributions in Catalonia (NE Spain). Global Ecol. Biogeogr. 12: 313325.
  • Thuiller, W. et al. 2005. Niche-based modelling as a tool for predicting the risk of alien plant invasions at a global scale. Global Change Biol. 11: 22342250.
  • Whittaker, R. J.. 1999. Scaling, energetics and diversity. Nature 401: 865866.
  • Whittaker, R. J. et al. 2001. Scale and species richness: towards a general, hierarchical theory of species diversity. J. Biogeogr. 28: 453470.
  • Woodward, F. I. and Lomas, M. R.. 2004. Vegetation dynamics – simulating responses to climatic change. Biol. Rev. 79: 643670.
  • Wright, D. H. et al. 1993. Energy supply and patterns of species richness on local and regional scales. – In: Ricklefs, R. E. and Schluter, D. (eds), Species diversity in ecological communities: historical and geographical perspectives. Chicago Univ. Press, pp. 6674.