Somatic Diseases and Sleep Complaints
An Epidemiological Study of 3201 Swedish Men
Article first published online: 24 APR 2009
1987 Association for the Publication of the Journal of Internal Medicine
Acta Medica Scandinavica
Volume 221, Issue 5, pages 475–481, January/December 1987
How to Cite
GISLASON, T. and ALMQVIST, M. (1987), Somatic Diseases and Sleep Complaints. Acta Medica Scandinavica, 221: 475–481. doi: 10.1111/j.0954-6820.1987.tb01283.x
- Issue published online: 24 APR 2009
- Article first published online: 24 APR 2009
- Sept. 19, 1986.
- sleep complaints;
- excessive daytime sleepiness;
- systemic hypertension;
ABSTRACT. Gislason T, Almqvist M (Departments of Lung Medicine and Psychiatry, University Hospital, University of Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden). Somatic diseases and sleep complaints. An epidemiological study of 3201 Swedish men. Acta Med Scand 1987; 221:475–81.
The prevalence of sleep complaints and somatic diseases was estimated in a random sample of 4064 Swedish men aged 30–69 years. Great difficulty initiating sleep (DIS) was experienced by 6.9% and moderate problems in DIS by 14.3%. Complaints of major difficulty maintaining sleep (DMS) were reported by 7.5% of the men and of moderate DMS by 14.9%. DMS was more frequent with increasing age. Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) was reported by 5.7%. Altogether 879 men were attending regular medical examinations for somatic diseases. Among the 299 hypertensive men, major complaints of DMS (13.5%), DIS (8.4%) and EDS (8.8%) were more common, but the 167 men treated with β-blockers rather showed a proportionally somewhat lower prevalence of sleep complaints. Men with obstructive pulmonary disease (n=113) had a higher prevalence of DMS (18.8%) and EDS (12.4%). Diabetic men (n=74) complained also more often of DMS (21.9%), DIS (21.1%) and EDS (12.2%). Men with rheumatic disease (n=176) and obesity (n=221) also had increased prevalence of sleep complaints.