Additive Effects of Moderate Dietary Salt Reduction and Captopril in Hypertension


Department of Internal Medicine, Landspitalinn, Reykjavik, Iceland.


ABSTRACT In a randomized, cross-over study 27 patients had diastolic blood pressure of ≥ 96 mmHg during four visits without treatment. Following captopril 25 mg b.i.d. nine patients' blood pressure was ≤ 90 mmHg. The remaining 18 were randomized into two treatment modalities, captopril and moderate dietary salt reduction, and captopril and hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg daily. Following a wash-out period the groups crossed over to the alternative treatment. At the end of the control period the average blood pressure was 151/100 ± 12/6 mmHg recumbent and 140/91 ± 11/7 standing, following captopril 144/94 ± 13/5 and 132/92 ± 12/6, respectively, with low salt diet addded to captopril 140/91 ± 12/6 and 128/89 ± 11/6 and with hydrochlorothiazide and captopril 133/86 ± 12/7 and 120/84 ± 11/7 mmHg supine and erect, respectively. It is concluded that moderate dietary salt reduction, which is easily advised, will significantly potentiate the blood pressure fall following captopril treatment in moderate arterial hypertension.